Newspaper Stories 1870 - 1879 - Hartley-Kent: The Website for Hartley

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Newspaper Stories 1870 - 1879

1870, January 12: All Saints Church Gravesend Journal
(1) "The rectory of Hartley near Dartford is vacant by the death of the Rev Edward Allen MA worth £300 pa; patrons the representatives of the said incumbent"; (2) Deaths - Allen on the 4th January the Rev Edward Allen, 43 years rector of Hartley in his 81st year

1870, February 12: The Disputed Hay Case Maidstone Telegraph
"Maidstone County Court - before J j Lonsdale esq judge - James and Henry Glover v Thomas Killick

This was an adjourned case for the recovery of £10 for the alleged delivery of 2 tons of hay. The plaintiffs are farmers living at Billet Farm, Ash, near Teynham (sic), and the defendant landlord of the Swan Inn, Malling. A jury of 5 was empannelled to hear the case. Mr Macarthy Stephenson appeared for the plaintiff and Mr T Goodwin for the defendant.

Mr Stephenson opened the case for the plaintiffs by stating that in August last defendant agreed to purchase 2 tons of hay at £5 per ton. There was no dispute as to the price but the quality. He would produce witnesses to prove that the hay was good. One of the brothers in the case was absent through illness arising from paralysis. A surgeon's certificate to that effect was handed up.

Mr Glover was then called and deposed - In August I casused a stack of hay to be put up at Stansted Rectory. Not a drop of rain falling during the operation. Defendant came to me in a public house and said that he wanted to purchase some hay he had seen, but he did no thtink there was the quantity in the stack. I then offered to sell him it by the ton. He said he would have 2 tons. I told him to go and judge the hay for himself, and he left me with that intention, and I have reason to believe that he did go. I agreed to send him in 2 tons and he agreed to buy it if it suited him. I sold the remaining part of the stack to 2 or 3 persons and never had any complaints. A Mr Wallis bought 6 loads to sell again at the same price as defendant. Mr Nimrod Walter purchased some, and Mrs Webster, a half a load at £5 per load. That is slightly over what defendant paid. Cross examined by Mr Goodwin - I did not go to the stack with defendant. It was my brother who went to the stack. My brother came back and said that Mr Killick had agreed to have 2 tons. My brother did not tell me that Mr Killick pulled some out and said that he did not like it. My brother did not say 'Oh tha is outside it will be better when we get into the stack.' My brother did not tell me that Mr Killick bought it upon the guarantee that it was to be first class hay. A better class of hay could not have been got. I do not know what conversation took place between my brother and Mr Killick. I sent the hay with the wagon and horses. I believe Mr Killick took one load in and found no fault with it. Hay could not be expected to extremely good stacked in July and cut out in August. The samples produced were cut from the bottom and top of the stack. I believe they were fair samples. I did not tell my waggoner that the hay did not turn out so well as I expected.

William Webb said - I am hay binder to Mr Glover. I know the stack of hay at Stansted Rectory. The sample produced is a fair sample. I first cut out 2 tons. By Mr Goodwin - It is a fair sample from beginning to end. The first cutting out was all alike. Mr Goodwin - Do you know Mr Daniels? Witness - That's a fair sample (pointing to the sample on the table). Mr Goodwin - Do you know Mr Daniels? Witness - That's a fair sample (laughter). Mr Goodwin - Answer my question. Witness - Yes I know Mr Daniels; but that's a fair sample (keeping his finger pointed to the hay on the table. Renewed laughter). I recollect his coming past me when I was cutting the stack, but I do not recollect what he said. I made a remark and there it is (pointing at the hay). That's a fair sample (roars of laughter). Mr Goodwin - I ask you what he said and how you found the hay? Witness - there it is (still pointing to the hay). I don't know what he said. Several people ask me questions, but I don't notice what they say (laughter). Mr Goodwin - Did you not try the stack with an iron? Witness - I have got no irons.

Mr Goodwin - Will you swear that you did not say to Mr Daniels that the hay did not turn out so well as you expected? Witness - I will not swear. I don't recollect what I did say. Mr Goodwin asked witness several other questions, but all he could obtain was the repeated reply that the hay produced was a fair sample.

Thomas Brooks, waggoner to Messrs Glover, remembered well the stack at Stansted being cut. He took 2 tons to Mr Killick, at Malling. When he delivered the first load from the waggon into the loft Mr Killick saw it and said nothing about it, further than that he had better take 6 trusses to the brewery. When he was delivering the second load Mr Killick said that if he had seen it he would not have taken it in. By Mr Goodwin - I did not see any difference in the hay. The last load was certainly a little dusty. It was all through good. There was a truss or two fell off and a little dust came from it. I did not ask him to let it remain because I could not take it back up the steep hill. His honour - It's a question to me whether what was done at Mr Killick's could be called a receiving. The question appears to me whether the defendant might not to be sued for breach of contract instead of for the hay. Mr Goodwin - I shall prove on the clearest evidence that the plaintiff distinctly refused to accept the hay, and only allowed it to remain on the express stipulation that the waggoner's master would have to pay for storage. The cross examination of witness was continued - I did not say that my master had said that the hay did not turn out what he expected. I merely said that it had no business to be dusty. Mr Killick did not put the question to me as to what my master thought about the hay.

Alfred Wallis, hay and corn dealer, Farmingham, deposed to purchasing 6 load of the same hay as Mr Killick had. He gave £4 10s a load for it. He supplied the same hay to his customers and never had any complaints about it. He kept on receiving the same hay till the stack was exhausted. He considered it first class hay. It was not in the least dusty. By Mr Goodwin - I cannot tell whether my hay was cut from the outside or the inside.

Nimrod Walter, Auctioneer, proved to purchasing some of the same hay and sending it to the Rev Kent at Wrotham, in August last. The first part was a little dusty, but not more than is ordinarily the case. He offered Mr Killick a stack of his (witness's) own hay the same day.

Thomas Brooks recalled that the hay he had sold to Mrs Webster, Mr Wallis and the others, was the same as he cut from for Mr Killick. This was the case for the plaintiff.

Mr Goodwin then addressed the jury for the defendant and contended in the first place that the hay was not of the quality stipulated; Mr Killick required the very best of hay. And secondly there was no acceptance. Mr Goodwin then detailed the conversation which occurred between plaintiff's brother and defendant in the presence of Mr Israel Dutt.

Mr Thomas Killick was then sworn and deposed - I am proprietor of the Swan Hotel, at West Malling, and post horse master. I had a conversation with defendant's brother respecting the purchase of some hay in the presence of Mr Dutt. We had been to an auction sale. After the sale was over, the plaintiff's brother asked me if I wanted some clover. I said yes, provided it was good. He said that he had a stack of first class hay at £5 per ton. I replied that it was a long price, but provided it was good I would have some. He remarked that I had better see the herbage. Going to the stack I saw the herbage and said, 'If the stack is like the herbage it will do.' When at the stack I pulled out several pieces and remarked that that sort of hay would not do for me at any price. Plaintiff's brother remarked that the outside would all be cut off, and that he would guarantee that I should have 2 tons of first class hay. We then went back to the public house, and the queston was asked me whether I had bought any hay, and I replied that I had agreed to purchase 2 tons on the express understanding that it was to be first class hay. 8 or 9 days after that the hay was brought to my inn. It was brought on 2 waggons. One was in the yard unloading into a loft. I should not have found fault if the other had been like it. I went indoors after seeing the first load, and while in there some trusses fell off the second load and created a great dust. A person remarked to me as to what I had got there. I then went out and inspected the second load, and told the waggoner that it would not do for me; that it was nothing like the quality I had agreed to buy. I told him I would not have it at any price. The waggoner said that he could not take it back with him, as he could not get it up the hill. I then called 2 men forward and said in the presence of the waggoner, 'Now this man wishes to leave his hay, and it is just possible this may come to a trial, and I wish you to hear me state that he leaves it on his own master's responsibility, and that he will have to pay for the storage.' The man said that his master had said that the hay did not turn out as he expected. Mr Goodwin - I have 2 witnesses to prove the conversation. His Honour - Mr Stephenson, have you any witnesses to contradict this, as there is apparently no dellivery. Mr Stephenson - I have no witnesses, unfortunately to contradict the statement.

The jury thereupon gave a verdict for the defendant. On the application of Mr Goodwin, his Honour allowed Mr Killick his mileage and the expenses of two witnesses."

1870, February 16: New Rector for Hartley Gravesend Journal
Rev William Whitton Allen MA, curate of Hartley has been made rector

1870, February 16: Traction Engines Gravesend Journal
Man killed when traction engine careered down East Hill, Dartford

1870, March 2: First Communication Cord Prosecution Hampshire Advertiser
Unnecessarily Stopping a Train - The first prosection by the London, Chatham and Dover Railway Company against a passenger for unnecessarily stopping a train to be stopped by means of the apparatus provided for communicating with the guard was instituted last week, and the case heard at the Dartford Police Court on Saturday. The defendant was Mr John Usher, an auctioneer, of Canterbury, who was a passenger from Canterbury to Rochester, and having failed to alight at the last named city communicated with the guard when near Farningham Road Station, the consequence being that the train was immediately stopped. A fine of 40 shillings and costs inflicted.

1870, April 11: Bishop of Rochester's Fund Maidstone Journal
Parochial Collections: Ash (£3 6s 9d); Hartley (£2 3s 0d), Longfield (£1 15s 2d)

1870, May 4: Hartley Roads Gravesend Journal
Dartford Highway Board - Hartley waywarden: Thomas Gambrill

1870, May 16: Attempted Suicide at Hartley South Eastern Gazette
John Ware, a labourer of Hartley was charged with attempting to commit suicide by hanging himself. It appeared that about 6 o'clock on Monday morning last, prisoner got up early and went into a shed adjoining the house; his daughter Elizabeth saw him, and told her younger sister to go and see what her father was about. She accordingly went and found her father hanging by the neck from a beam, suspended by means of a neckerhief. She called her sister, who cut him down. He fell to the ground insensible, assistance was at once procured, and he was carried indoors, but he was unable to speak for 6 hours. Mrs Ware said the only way she could account for his doing this was that some time ago he was severely struck on the head with a stone, and he has since been at times rather strange; also he had been discharged from his work as farm labouerer in consequence of his bad sight, which she thought preyed upon his mind, more especially as his sight was getting worse. Upon the prisoner's promising that he would make no further attempts upon his life, the bench dismissed him.

[This case reminds us that until the Suicide Act 1861, it was a crime in this country to attempt suicide. John Ware (1819-76) in 1861 had been living at Hartley Court Cottage, but in 1871 had moved to Darenth Cottages, so it looks like that when his employer fired him, he evicted him from his home as well.]

1870, May 28: Threatening Language Gravesend Reporter
Dartford Magistrates: Alfred West and Samuel Venus were summoned by William Mitchell of Longfield, for using threatening language towards him on the 13th May - the defendant was bound over to keep the peace for 6 months and to pay costs."

1870, June 11: All Saints' Church Rochester Journal
"A Question of Fees: The Churchwardens of St George's, Gravesend, and also of Hartley applied to the Archdeacon to know whetehr they were bound to pay the customary fees for their admission to office."

1870, June 15: Theft at Hartley Gravesend Journal
William Longhurst brought up on remand, pleaded guilty to stealing pair of scales belonging to Fanny Parris at Hartley on 4 June. Supt Brandon mentioned previous conviction in Sept 1866. Given 2 months hard labour

1870, July 27: County Archives Gravesend Journal
Clerk of peace has sorted county records into ancient and modem qiven help to sort them.

1870, August 29: Attempted Murder and Housebreaking near Dartford Shipping and Mercentile Gazette
"At the Dartford Petty Sessions, on Saturday, James Jones, a desperate looking fellow, aged about 27, described as a tramp, was brought up charged with attempting to commit a burglary at the house of Mrs Guest, of Ash, near Dartford, and with attempting to murder her and her son John William. It appeared from the evidence that the prosecutrix left her house on the morning of Thursday last, with her son, for the purpose of gleaning. the house was safely secured by her son. She had not been gone long before she was informed by a neighbour that two men were in her house. She and her son immediately proceeded there, and hearing the breaking or forcing of the doors they became alarmed, and waited outside to obtain the assistance of the police. The prisoner suddenly rushed out of the street door, and her son attempted to stop him, and with a 'jemmy' which he had in his hand he struck them both upon the head, causing a severe fracture to that of the prosecutrix; her son got up, and then he struck him with a severe blow on the arm, cutting it open and inflicting such frightful injuries that he fell to the ground unconscious. Committed for trial."

[There are some difficulties with this case, I can't find anyone called Guest living at Ash in the 1871 census, and the case was not reported in the Gravesend Reporter, although they have an article about the day's magistrates' court session]

1870, December 14: Hartley Roads Gravesend Journal
Highway Board to spend £36 5s in Hartley (£60 in Longfield and £84 in Ash)

1871, January 28: Stealing a Ferret at Hartley Gravesend Reporter
Dartford Magistrates "On Wednesday, Edward Longhurst was charged before S C Umfreville esq with stealing a live ferret, value 4 shillings, the property of Henry Bensted at Hartley, on the 19th inst. Fined 20 shillings, costs 5s, value of ferret 4s, or 21 days' imprisonment."

1871, February 13: West Kent Hunt Report Maidstone Journal
"On Thursday we met at Hartley, a certain find, and very few minutes after throwing into covert, Charley was afoot, and the big pack close at him. Happily Mr Allen was busied at the lower side of Hartley Wood, with his men at stone cart, and our fox was headed going for Horton. A lot of men stopped back for a view (which they got a a second fox) but dear it cost them. The hunted fox went away at best pace through Foxberry Wood, Nine Horse Shoes, White Ash and Viney Woods, up and down the hills and across the valley of Stansted, to Mr Rigg's preserves, when, heading short, after running straight out for 5 miles, he slipped back to the left through Hall Wood, Meopham Banks and Elbows Wood, shortly after which a second fox being afoot, and the hounds dividing. Mr James Russell (on his second horse, the cob) put the body of the pack back to Tom Hills, who was sticking with about 5 couple of his hounds to the line of, as we thought, the beaten fox, to Hartley Wood, where was no getting to ground. Here we hunted for an hour, when half a dozen jays jabbering overhead, we thought our fox was dying in the corner of Foxberry Wood, but it was not so. The hounds took the line across the open by Red Libbets and Pennis Woods, to the Horton Coverts, where, though the hunting was slow, there was no dwelling, it was either St Margaret's or Darenth Wood, when Capt Laurie, who was going home, gave us a welcome halloa, seeing our fox lay down in the open. He was away before the hounds could be got up, and the fog increasing, and pace improving, those who got thrown out now had no chance of nicking in, our gallant fox shunning some of the coverts of the morning, but in the main, running the same line, through at a faster pace, managed at 4 o'clock to save his brush for another day, by slipping into an earth about 300 yards from Stansted Church. The hounds seemed as thought hey would not be denied, and men were not wanting, who tried but ineffectually, to get him out by candlelight."

[A highly controversial topic today, but there is no denying it was a popular sport among many of the gentry in Victorian England. An earlier report in 1868 suggests that the hunt was not always very popular in Hartley and Ash. Sport seems to be the correct word to use, because it is clear they did not see themselves as being involved in pest control, the reference to coverts - little copses of wood in fields, gives the game away, for they are actually encouraging the fox population, so they will have something to hunt.Adverts for the hunt say they started about 10/11am so the poor fox was chased for over 5 hours over many miles, and they didn't even let up when it got dark]

1871, February 27: Theft at Longfield Maidstone Journal
Rochester Magistrates: "John Chard was sentenced …. To two months' hard labour for stealing 3 sacks and 2 cloths, belonging to Richard Langford, at Longfield."

1871, April 3: Burglary at Longfield Maidstone Journal
"The residence of Captain Laurie, Longfield Court, was burglarously entered on Sunday night week, and 2 coats, a biscuit tin of Aberdeen granite with silver lid and stand, electro-plated teapot, 2 paper knives, ormolu horseshoe mountings of inkstand, elctro-plated pint mug with inscription '11th Kent Rifle Corps', and silk umbrella were stolen."

1871, April 12: Dartford Guardians Gravesend Journal
Rev W W Allen nominated to be Hartley's representative on the Board of Guardians

1871, April 17: Race Meeting at Longfield Maidstone Journal
"A private race meeting came off at Longfield last Tuesday, under the stewardship of T Colyer, HJ Lubbock, C Laurie, and T Nickalls, esqrs; starter W Mortimer jun esq. From 3,000 to 4,000 persons ae estimated to have been present. The meeting was very successful. Capt Laurie of Longfield Court, the patron of the meeting, entertained a select circle of gentlemen and sporting friends."

1871, April 19: Theft at Hartley Gravesend Journal
Hartley - Stealing Boots. Charles Russell, a tramp, is charged with stealing a pair of boots, to the value of 2s, belonging to William Wells, groom at Hartley. Prosecutor said he left his boots in the stable, on the 10th April, and went away; his daughter saw prisoner come out of the stable and shut the door. She told her father, who informed PC Bailey, who went in pursuit of prisoner, and found him in the Railway Tavern, Southfleet, with the missing boots on. Sentanced to 1 month's imprisonment.

1871, May 3: Smith-Masters Marriage Gravesend Journal
Meopham: marriage of Edith Smith-Masters of Camer to Lt FI Edwards

1871, May 10: Buses Gravesend Journal
Omnibus service Dartford Railway Station to Famingham started by Mr Clarke, landlord of the Lion at Famingham. Built by W Tebay of Lowfield Street

1871, May 13: Fatal Accident Gravesend Reporter
"On Thursday, as Mr W Cole jun, Gravesend was on the road between Dartford and Fawkham, he saw a man lying in the middle of the road, who, on examination, proved to be dead. Information being given to people in the village, the man proved to be a carter named Young, belonging to the village, who, coming with a load from Dartford, by some means fell under the vehicle and was crushed by the wheels. A child about 5 years of age was riding on the waggon at the time, but was not cognizant of the ocurrance, and the horses went on their way to their destination. Medical assistance proved that at the time the man was found, he had been dead about half an hour. The deceased leaves a wife and 7 children."

1871, September 13: Farningham Cattle Market Gravesend Journal
Famingham Stock Market - auction sale at Lion Hotel, Famingham of including 6 acres of potatoes belonging to W Hughes of Fawkham; and 15 acres of potatoes belonging to H B Hohler of Fawkham

1871, September 25: Hartley Court Stock Sale Maidstone Journal
"Hartley Court, within Farningham, Wrotham and Meopham Kent. Farming Stock and Implements. 3 Sacks of Oats computed 200 Quarters.

Messrs Dann & Son have received instructions from Mr William Allen (quitting the farm) to sell by auction on the presmises, as above, on Friday 6th October 1871 at 12 for 1 o'clock: 9 powerful cart horses, 3 breeding sows, 34 head of poultry, 3 handssome beagles, 3 ferrets. The implements comprise 3 capital cylinder iron land rollers, 3 strong waggons, 5 dung carts, turnrise and Ransome's Iron Ploughts, ox, small and iron barrows, Suffolk drill brakes, sowing machines, sets of chain and plough harnesses, 30 quarters of corn, sacks, tools, ladders, 350 new hurdles, iron garden roller, 14 in lawn mowing machine, and numerous items..."

1871, October 11: Sale of Stock at Fawkham Gravesend Journal
Pennis Farm, Fawkham - sale of 14 horses, 10 heiffers, 29 pigs and poultry. Farming implements (described) and 15 acres of York Regent potatoes.

1871, October 21: Gravesend Hospital Gravesend Reporter
Donations from collection at Ash Church (£4 3s) and harvest thank-offering at Hartley (£1 13s 3d)

1871, November 1: Dartford Football Club Gravesend Journal
Dartford - a football club started by Rev G C Fisher (curate)

1871, December 11: Hartley Wood Sale Maidstone Journal
"Valuable Underwood. Hartley Court Kent

Mr Robert Allen has been instructed to sell by tender, about 34 acres of valuable underwood, varying from 11 to 14 years' growth, growing in Hartley and Goss Woods, Hartley Court. Any person desirous of tendering for the same may obtain the necessary form from William Turvill, Hartley Court near Dartford, or of Mr Robert Allen, Ruxley, near Foot's Cray, which must be forwarded to Mr Robert Allen on or before Tuesday the 26th December 1871. Mr Robert Allen will not pledge himself to accep the highest or any tender."

1871, December 30: A Phase of the Merrymaking Gravesend Reporter
Dartford Magistrates: "Noah West and Richard Smith of Crockenhill, were charged with being drunk and riotous at Fawkham, and doing damage to a door to the extent of 15s, the property fo Francis Ford, innkeeper. PC Baily, who apprehended the prisoners, and other witnesses havign givne evidence, they were each fined 10s, the amount of damage between them, and 7s costs; or 7 days' imprisonment in default."

1872, January 1: Careless Driving at Longfield Maidstone Journal
Dartford Magistrates: "Henry Mercer, labourer, of Longfield, was charged with riding on the van which was in his charge, on the 12th December, and with not having the reins to the horses. Defendant pleaded guilty, and was fined 5s and costs."

1872, January 13: Robbery at Hartley Rectory Dartford Chronicle
[ ] Robbery at Hartley Rectory. On 4th inst at 7pm, Mrs Allen went upstairs and tried to open door. Heard footsteps retreating and people escaping through window. Roused household, but in spite of Longfield Court sending horsemen to scour countryside, no-one was caught. Male servant called Wells hastened to room, but they had gone in moment's delay. Stolen - £8, gold Geneva watch, old fashioned French watch, French hunting gold watch, gold bracelet, gold ring, 3 pebble broaches, lockets and silver chased child's mug inscribed "W.W.A". Reward offered by Mr Allen. Supt Ovenden of Dartford links it to similar robberies in locality. (also in Gravesend Reporter 13.1.1872, which says reward was £30)

1872, February 24: Peddlar at Hartley Dartford Chronicle
James Martin, peddlar, discharged from charge of not having licence endorsed by county police, because it was difficult to know whether you were in Metropolitan, County or Borough police areas. He was following his trade at Hartley.

1872, March 9: West Kent Hunt Report Dartford Chronicle
West Kent Hounds to meet at Hartley

1872, March 30: Local News in Brief Dartford Chronicle
Dartford Magistrates. (1) Robert Flint fined 2s 6d or 7 days for allowing his horse to stray on highway between Longfield and Hartley Bottom; (2) Alfred Austen fined 5s for leaving service of Mr Laurie of Longfield, contrary to agreement. He had started on 14 January and left on 26 February.

1872, April 13: Hartley Overseers Dartford Chronicle
Hartley: Overseers - G Best and W Bensted; Constables - E Cooper and W Goodwin

1872, April 27: Stray Animals at Hartley Bottom Dartford Chronicle
George French and John Wright, encampers at Hartley Bottom, fined 2s 6d for allowing horse and pony to stray onto highway on 11 April

1872, May 24: The Movement Among Farm Labourers Newcastle Courant
"On Monday two large gathering of labourers of the western parts of the county of Kent were held, the first on the Brent, near Dartford, and the other at the Royal Oak, Northumberland Heath, near Erith, for the purpose of discussing their grievances and organising branches in cooperation with the Agricultural Labourers' Union, recently established at Maidstone. The attendance was very numerous at both places, and there was a manifest determination to join earnestly in the agitation for increase of wages and reduction of the hours of labour. Mr Simmons of Maidstone, and other connected with the movement addressed the meeting. It was said that already there were in Kent some 1,200 labourers in union, and as arrangements were made for the forming of about 18 additional branches, no doubt, in 2 or 3 months, they would number five or six thousand members. Arrangements were made for the formation of branches of the Union at Dartford and Erith, and the proceedings terminated...."

1872, May 25: Theft at Ridley Dartford Chronicle
John Newman (25) charged with stealing 19/- in gold and silver from Mr Hilder of Ridley. He was shepherd in employ of J Ray, lived in North Ash. On day in question he went to club feast at Fawkham from 2 to 12pm, claimed he wasn't dead drunk. Case dismissed as magistrates thought no jury would convict. (also in Gravesend Reporter 25.5.1872, which says Simmonds laid down in hedge going home).

1872, June 10: Fawkham - Opening of a railway station. Maidstone Journal
"The inhabitants of this parish have at last succeeded in obtaining what they much required - a railway station on the London, Chatham and Dover line. For several years many attempts have been made to induce the company to open a station at Fawkham, but without success. A short time ago HB Hohler esq, came to reside there, when that gentleman took the matter in hand and succeeded. The new station was opened on the 1st of June."

1872, June 24: Fawkham Manor Lodge Maidstone Journal
"Tenders for lodge and cottages, Fawkham Manor for Mr H B Hohler. Mr F Boreham architect - Tomlyn £720; Blake £675; Cobham and Co £601; Leonard (accepted £500.

1872, July 22: Houses for Sale at Hartley Maidstone Journal
"Longfield, Hartley and Ash, Kent. 5 miles below Dartford, in an exceedingly pictureque locality."

Longfield Court, a charming old fashioned Gothic Residence, standing in very tastefully dispoed pleasure grounds, with paddocks of about 22 acres, and having stabling for 8 horses, coachhouse, gardener's and keeper's cottages, pheasantry, and extensive domestic offices, situate close to Longfield Church, and Fawkham Station, on the London, Chatham and Dover Railway. Also about 9½ acres of choice building land, contiguous to the above, adjoining the railway station, having frontages on 3 sides to good roads.

A capital enclosure of arable land, of about 9 acres, and 2 cottages at Hartley Green.

Hartley Cottage [Hartley House, Ash Road], a comfortable detached residence in large garden, with stabling, orchard etc, together about 3 acres.

Also 2 detached cottages in good gardens with wheelwright's and blacksmith's shops respectively [Bay Lodge and Forge Cottage, Ash Road, Hartley]; and also an enclosure of arable land, about 9 acres all situate at Grub Street, in the parish of Hartley, about 1½ miles from Fawkham Railway Station.

And 2 cottages, and about 2½ acres of arable land at West Yoke in the parish of Ash.

Mr Marsh will sell by auction at the Guildhall Coffee House, Gresham Street, City on Thursday July 25th at 12 for 1 o'clock in several lots, the above very valuable freehold properties...."

[The owner here didn't waste any time in realising the increased value of their estate from the opening of Longfield Station in 1872! The results are given in the Daily News 29.7.1872: Longfield Court £5,000; 9 acres and 2 cottages at Hartley Green £1,050; Hartley Cottage (House) £1,080; Land at Grub Street £800; Bay Lodge wheelwrights £415; Forge Cottage £310]

1872, August 17: King's Arms PH Chronicle (Journal)
"More Sunday Trading - John Callow [Caller], landlord of King's Arms fined 40s for opening before 12.30 pm on 21 July. PC G Webster (KCC) said he visited at 11.30 am and found 4 men in wash house at rear - William Letchfbrd (Hartley), George Munn, and John Fincham (working at Red Cow Farm) and William Packman of Hartley. Letchford was holding a glass of beer, landlord claimed he was a traveller. But admitted later he lived only VA miles away. Landlord had been there 21/2 years. SuptG Fread said there had been many complaints of Sunday trading and he had been instructed by the Chief Constable to "keep a sharp lookout on the house". Chairman of Bench said they were determined to put a stop to Sunday trading."

[Opening between midnight and 12.30 on Sundays was prohibited by the Limiation of Opening Hours Act 1848]

1872, August 17: Inquest on John Smith, Peddlar Dartford Chronicle
John Smith (30) travelling peddlar, found dead on road between Southfleet and Longfield, attributed to ruptured blood vessel

1872, August 24: Drink at the Harvest Dartford Chronicle
Wlliam Bignall (20) and Emily Ripley (17) of no fixed residence, accused of stealing 2 bottles and 11 quarts of beer, property of George Dyke at Hartley last Thursday. They had been doing harvest work "and beer was procured plentifully, and appropriated indiscriminately". Little evidence of intent, freed on payment of costs.

1872, August 31: King's Arms PH Dartford Chronicle
Annual licencing meeting for Hartley, Longfield, Ash etc. One of the magistrates was T H Fleet. No other references to Hartley. New Act -some licences deferred because of accusations of Sunday trading.

1872, August 31: King's Arms PH Gravesend Journal
"Tipling - William Letchford, George Munn, John Fineham and William Packman were summoned for having been found for the purpose of drinking in the house of Mr John Callow, the 'King's Arms' Hartley, who was convicted at this court a fortnight back for illegally opening his house on July 21st. Accused pleaded guilty, and were fined 2s 6d costs 7 shillings each."

1872, October 5: King's Arms PH Dartford Chronicle
Licencing Sessions (bench included T H Fleet) - "The licence of the King's Arms, Hartley, was sought to be renewed, but, on the statement of Supt Fread, that there had been complaints from the clergy of Hartley and Southfleet, a renewal was refused".

1872, October 7: Hartley Wood Farm Stock Sale Maidstone Journal
"Hartley Wood Farm, Hartley, Near Dartford, Kent - Messrs Hodsoll and Ray are instructed by the proprietor (who is quitting the farm) to sell by auction on the premises as above on Friday October 11th, 1872, at 12 o'clock.

The valuabe live and dead farming stock, comprising 4 powerful and active draught horses, milch cow, 8 calves, 2 waggons, 5 dung carts, 2 roller, 5 share Kent drill, an excellent 2 horse threshing machine, galvanised iron water barrel on carriage and 4 wheels, ox harrows, hop nidget, bean and pea brakes, cleaning machine, 75 hop bins, and cloths, 160 new hurdle gates, sheep trough, harnesses etc. Also a portion of the household furniture".

1872, October 26: Ploughing Match at Fawkham Dartford Chronicle
Advert - ploughing match at Fawkham Court Farm on 7 November

1872, November 9: Mr Fleet Magistrate Dartford Chronicle
Mr Fleet excuses himself from case of theft from his land at Darenth

[He owned Darenth Cottages]

1872, December 2: Post Office Telegraphs Magnet
"The undermentioned Railway Station will be opened for the transaction of Telegraphic business on behalf of the Postmaster General - Fawkham Station."

1872, December 23: Traction Engines Maidstone Journal
"Mr John Samuel Evenden, of Meopham, was summoned for allowing a traction engine, belonging to him, to proceed along the highway at Longfield on the 30th Nov, without having a man 60 yards in front, displaying a red flag. Sergeant Fisher proved the case. A previous conviction for the same offence was proved, and defendant was fined £5 and costs". (Dartford Chronicle of 28.12.1872 has same case, said he was doing 4-5 mph)

1873, January 4: Traction Engines Gravesend Reporter
"Traction Engines on Highways: The following letter has been addressed to the Editor of the South Eastern Gazette. Sir, Seeing in your edition of Dec 24th an account o my being fined by the Dartford bench of magistrates for allowing a traction engine to proceed upon the highway in the parish of Longfield, allow me to say that it was upon a very unfrequented road, where you may travel in the daytime for hourse without meeting anything, shortly after 5 o'clock in the morning and pitch dark. The engine was travelling with its proper lights, but a man with a red flag would be as useless at 60 yards from the engine as he would have been 6 miles off. Yours truly John S Evenden"

1873, February 15: Theft at Sutton at Hone Gravesend Journal
George Young, labourer of Horton Kirby, given 21 days for stealing a faggot, worth 3d, from Wlliam Thompson of Sutton at Hone

1873, March 1: Fox Hunting Gravesend Journal
West Kent Hounds to meet at Hartley on 2 March at 10.45 am

1873, April 26: Gravesend County Court Gravesend Reporter
Cotsworth v French - lengthy case: "Mr Bewley, in opening the case, said the plaintiff, Thomas Green Cotsworth, had been the occupant of a cottage at Meopham, belonging to Mr John French, the defendant. He had been in the habit of paying his rent quarterly. Last year the defendant gave him notice to quit at Christmas, but before the expiration of this notice - namely in November last - he brought an action against the plaintiff in that court, to obtain possession of the house. His honour, however, non-suited him, telling him he must give a proper 6 months' notice. It seemed that he then determined that if he could not have possession by right he would have it by wrong. The plaintiff, who was by trade a plumber, glazier and painter, took the Red Lion inn at Bedford, with the intention of removing to that place with his wife and family, in January last. The defendant knowing this called at the house on the 24th of January and asked plaintiff's wife to give up the key; and on the 29th of the same month he made a similar request, but in both cases she refused to do so. She offered him the money for 3 quarters' rent which was owing, but he refused to take it, saying he wanted the key. On the 29th of January the plaintiff's wife and family went to Bedford, where the plaintiff had already gone, and their furniture was sent to the Fawkham railway station, to be also conveyed to Bedford, but the defendant went to the station, seized the goods, and sold them for about £6. These goods included the plaintiff's tools as well as his furniture, and he was put to very great inconvenience at Bedford through not receiving them as expected. The action was brought on several counts, one of which was that the defendant took more goods than was necessary to satisfy his claim for rent, another that they were sold for considerably less than their value, and that only one appraiser was called in when they were seized, whereas there should have been two, and another county was that the defendant, after the removeal of the plaintiff's family and goods from the house, unlawfully took possession of it, the plaintiff being still the legal tenant....."

".... Stephen Alfred Cotsworth, son of the plaintiff, said he helped to load the waggon with the goods and took them all to Fawkham Station. Thomas Toms, station master at Fawkham, said the goods were brought to the station and put into a truck, and on the same day the defendant came with another man named Colegate, and showed him a distress warrant, in consequence of which the goods were detained. Six days afterwards they went again and took the goods away. Frederick Colegate, an appraiser, was sworn, and produced a warrant authorising him to levy a distress on Cotsworth's goods for the sum of £4 10s. Mr French went with him to Fawkham Station to get the goods. They were afterwards sold to Mr Bird, a broker...."

Judge finds for defendant as he said only thing for him to decide was whether the rent was owing.

1873, May 3: Rev William Whitton Allen Gravesend Journal
Rev Allen attends opeing of School-Church at Culverstone

1873, June 7: A Whit Monday Ramble Gravesend Journal
The travellers decide to visit Gravesend, famous for shrimps and watercress, they take the train from Fenchurch Street to Tilbury and then ferry. They walk up the high steet and thence to Windmill Hill, the mill grinds corn no more, and is now a vantage point for sightseers.

"And now we are getting into the country, when the sight of an old inn born in the days of the London and Dover coaches, gives emphasis to certain internal grumblings, and we make as Tony Weller would say, 'rayther a sudden pull up'.... 'Try our superfine 8d ale' is the invitation politely staring us in the face; and we try it with a fourpenny supplement of bread and cheese, and having paid the reckoning ask mine host to advise as to the best way to Longfield, the village which we have determined to make the turning point of our ramble. M. Landlord is dubious, and refers us to an ancient dame outside, who is negligently nursing one leg, the foot being enveloped in a huge bundle of rags, which might have been meant either bandage or imposition, and probably did mean a little of both. This dingy-faced lady was smoking the clay pipe of peace, moistened by small draughts from a quart pot at her elbow, 'Tell yer the way to Longfield?; well I oughter know for I've lived there this forty year, though 'ow I'm agoin' to get back agin with my poor old bones, I don't know'. After sundry other laments on the subject of her 'poor old bones' and the 'rheumatiz', the old woman gave the desired information, and we were leaving with an earnest expression of thanks, when the crone broke out into a wild declaration of her love for a cup of tea, 'the only thing as comforts me'; and her intense grief at the thought that the requisite penny for the purchase thereof was not forthcoming. Observing a philanthropic and charitable relaxation of our countenance, mother went on to bewail in sad terms the absence, from her domestic cupboard, of the penny loaf, which was such a desirable accompaniment to her 'poor cup o'tea'. The foaming pewter had made us incredulous as to her preference for the sweet Bohea; we even feared that a penny entrusted for the purchase of a loaf might be smoked instead of eaten; but we were weak, and yielded to the extent of two pence, receiving in return a profound blessing, which was dirt chap at the price."

Leaving an argument between the landlady and the beggar, they turn onto the Wrotham Road with views as far as Swanscombe and Vigo. They pass through the now disused tollgate and about three miles later encounter the finger post pointing to Longfield.

".... and we descend into a charming valley, mounting to the opposite hill by a zigzag road. Rural beauty in perfection; the air truly 'laden with perfume' stolen from myriad flowers which beautify the fields and banks; the quietude only broken by that indescribable animal buzz of bird and insect nature......... On again through pretty copses and high-hedged lanes, until we get our first indication of the village in a straggling farmhouse, with quite a picture of a yard, and a big roomy barn suggesting exciting rope-swings; in front the water works - an old well with a giddy, dazed horse officiating as 'drawer of water'. Curiosity prompts us to ask a ruddy faced little girl, whose house is this? 'Ours' was the reply, which the young lady evidently considered quite conclusive and satisfactory, for no amount of subsequent cross-examination, direct, leading or collateral, succeeded in eliciting the patronymic for which the possessive pronoun was doing duty......... We reach the village, which is chiefly remarkable for the number of ducks and duck ponds who monopolize the leading thoroughfares... There is too, somewhat of a novelty in the form of a signboard. Imagine one of the size and shape of a dressing table glass; drab border, light coloured interior, on which is represented a round bellied man, in billycock hat and gaiters; the legs a trifle bow, an ear of wheat boldly struggling up between them to represent the agricultural interest; in his right hand a formidable riding whip; in his left, raised aloft, a shallow champaigne glass, presumably filled with nut brown ale. This 'Man of Kent' was nameless, at least to the eye; so was the owner of the house (a little low-roofed structure, from which a fair maiden might have eloped comfortably without rope ladder, or risk of a sprained ankle), and there was an entire absense of the familiar assurance that the liquor and the customers..... are licensed to be drunk on the premises........ A skeleton lamp, sticking out of the wall, seemed to denote the existence of gas at some barbarously remote period; and an overgrown besom fastened to the doorpost with iron wire - apparently in the fear that its great value would be too musch of a temptation to passers by - served to wipe the boots of invisible customers.. The door was shut but the window was open, and disclosed - not a beer engine, but a canary.... and a duck industriously paddling in a neighbouring pond.... the duck resented the intrusion with open mouth, and shaking its tail defiantly, waddled off through the mud with all the grace of a duck out of water. So we left the Man of Kent to his lonely potations....."

They returned towards Betsham, seeing the orchards and hopfields there. The author professes his knowledge of hops is "confined to the period after its unholy alliance with malt". They cross beautiful green meadows with springy turf to Southfleet Church and return to Gravesend past Springhead Watercress Gardens, and Wombwell Hall. A.W.G concludes that "Gravesend has been rather unfairly snubbed in some quarters", but in reality boasts attractions of its own, as well as the varied and beautiful scenery of the surrounding countryside.

[This is an extract of an account of a Whit Monday ramble from the Gravesend Journal of 7 June 1873 by "A.W.G"]

1873, August 16: Fire at Hill Barn Farm, Fawkham Chronicle
Serious fire bums down lodge at Hill Bam Farm, Fawkham

1873, September 6: Theft from Fawkham Shop Chronicle
Case of theft at Fawkham. George Charles Wansbury was witness, described as assistant to Sarah Webster, grocer and draper

1873, September 13: King's Arms PH Gravesend Reporter
"Mr E A Hilder of Gravesend, made an application respecting the King's Arms, Hartley Bottom. This was a very old licensed house, but by some inadvertencethe licence was lost at the last year's licensing meeing; this the applicant did not know until it was too late to apply for it. Superintendent Fread considered that this house was not requisite, and said he had received complaints of its being conducted improperly - Refused."

1873, October 4: Burglary at Fawkham Chronicle
Edward Hoar (42) of Fawkham, "habitual housebreaker" accused of burglary at Fawkham, arrested on road from Hartley Green to Hartley [?court] - given 14 years (cf 25.10.1873)

1873, October 4: Longfield Station East Kent Gazette
Timetable: Trains from Victoria with time at Longfield in brackets: Mon-Sat 9.00* (10.16), 11.35 (12.50), 17.00 (17.57), 19.15 (20.27), 20.43 (22.00), Sun 9.00* (10.02), 10.25 (11.37), 15.00 (16.12),18.25 (19.33).

Trains from Longfield to Victoria with time at Victoria in brackets: Mon-Sat 8.46 (9.55), 10.39 (12.00), 18.05 (19.19), 19.45 (21.03), 22.15 (23.30), Sun 8.46 (9.54), 11.32* (12.45), 19.01 (20.15), 22.01 (23.10).

Meopham and Farningham Road had about twice as many trains as Longfield then. Starred services were "Parliamentary" trains, where companies had to offer lower prices for 3rd class passengers.

1873, October 11: Church Furnishings at Swanscombe for Sale Gravesend Journal
For sale - old oak organ gallery with 4 iron pillars - apply Churchwardens, Swanscombe

1873, October 18: Ancient Criminals at Southfleet Chronicle
Manor of Southfleet said to have had the right for centuries to try criminals for crimes outside the county. In 1200 two women accused of stealing clothes at Croydon, tried by Lord Henry of Cobham, had to go ordeal of fire (hot plough-shares). They had to walk through them, one succeeded, the other touched one, was condemned and drowned in Bikepool

1873, October 25: Kerr's Drapers Shop at Dartford Gravesend Journal
Two juveniles who stole jacket from Mr Kerr's drapers shop in Dartford, sentanced to 12 strokes with birch no d

1873, November 1: Darenth Agricultural Association Chronicle
H Bensted of Hartley attends Darenth Vale Agricultural Association dinner at Bull Hotel, Dartford.

1873, November 29: Grindley v Walter, Sale of Horse Chronicle
County Court - Grindley v Nimrod Walter of Stanstead. Plaintiff a cattle dealer of Dartford, defendant a land agent and surveyor at Fawkham. Defendant said to be well named Nimrod "for he was fond of trying and riding the best horses he could". Defendant refused to honour agreement to pay 37 guineas for the horse (cheque bounced). Mr Gambrill, farmer, of Hartley testified that he heard in the coffee room of the Bull at Sevenoaks, the plaintiff say the mare was perfectly quiet to ride. Mr Young, cattle dealer of Sevenoaks, said he was there and plaintiff gave no warranty. Jury find for plaintiff.

1873, December 6: Arson at Farningham Chronicle
Two people sentenced to 7 years for arson of stack of sainfoin at Chimbams Farm, Famingham.

1873, December 27: Rate Arrears at Hartley Chronicle
Mr G Best of Hartley, overseer, given a fortnight by magistrates to collect arrears of Hartley Poor Rate.

1874, January 10: Perry's Dartford Directory Chronicle
2nd edition of Perry's Dartford Directory includes Hartley (allegedly!)

1874, January 24: Burglar Dies at Ash Chapel Chronicle
Inquest on death of George Ludlow, who died falling from a holly tree by Ash Chapel, while stealing from it. Open verdict.

1874, January 31: Conservative Party at Hartley Chronicle
Advert for Conservative Candidates in West Kent. Local committee includes George Best of Hartley (many names including Ash and Fawkham)

1874, February 14: Proposed Darenth Tramway Gravesend Journal
Dartford Highway Board - proposed Darenth tramway

1874, February 28: Child Support at Fawkham Gravesend Journal
George Young charged with leaving wife and child to Dartford Union, case dismissed when it was discovered they were not married.

1874, March 7: Theft Charge at Longfield Gravesend Reporter
Dartford Magistrates: "On Tuesday evening before SC Umfreville esq, Frank Thompson was charged with stealing a quantity of food, value 1s 6d, the property of Frederick Hayes and Frank Lee, at Longfield, and remanded till today."

1874, May 30: Upper Gooses Farm, Ash for Sale Gravesend Journal
Advert for sale of Upper Goose's Farm and 22 acres at Ash

1874, June 6: Maidstone Railway Opens Gravesend Journal
Opening of Otford Junction to Maidstone line

1874, August 1: Don't Bother Emigrating Gravesend Journal
Letter that someone at Chelsfield had received from ex-shepherd now in Canada - dont emigrate, conditions harsh, wages same as England but with water not beer (similar letter earlier about New South Wales)

1874, September 5: Longfield Station East Kent Gazette
Timetable: Trains from Victoria with time at Longfield in brackets: Mon-Sat 6.40 (7.41), 9.00 (10.03), 11.35 (12.50), 13.00 (14.16), 16.30 (17.33), 17.20 (18.34), 19.15 (20.27), 20.43 (22.00), Sun 9.00 (9.57), 10.25 (11.37), 15.00 (16.12),18.25 (19.33).

Trains from Longfield to Victoria with time at Victoria in brackets: Mon-Sat 8.46 (9.55), 10.39 (12.00), 18.05 (19.19), 19.45 (21.03), 22.15 (23.30), Sun 8.46 (9.55), 10.39 (12.00), 18.05 (19.13) 20.55 (22.13), 22.15 (23.30).

Meopham and Farningham Road still had more trains than Longfield but additional trains now called at Longfield compared with the previous year's timetable.

1874, October 24: Governess Wanted Gravesend Reporter
"Governess - a situation required by a lady accustomed to tuition ; acquirements - English, French, Music, and singing. Excellent testimonials. Address P.M. Post Office, Hartley, Dartford."

1874, October 27: Sale of Crops Daily Telegraph
"Longfield, Kent….Messrs Hodsoll and Ray are instructed by Mr Kirkman to sell by auction, at the Railway Tavern, near the above station, on Thursday Oct 29, 1874 at 2 for 3 o'clock, 74 loads of excellent Sainfoin Hay and 6½ loads of wheat straw."

1874, November 14: Beginnings of Longfield Tip South London Chronicle
"A new feature in the arrangements for the sale of street and house refuse was introduced by the Depot Committee which recommended that as depots for the storage and sale of road sweepings etc, 2 acres of freehold land adjoining the Longfield siding be purchased of Mr Eborell at the price of £300; and that 4 acres of land adjoining the goods siding a the Meopham Station, on the London, Chatham and Dover Railway, be taken on lease for 21 years, at a rent of £20 per annum. In moving this, Mr Barker pointed out how, from making a profit on their refuse, they had come at length to pay very heavily for having it taken away, and even then the parish was always in hot water about the slop shoot. At lenght the depot was established, and although, and although they had done the work of removal better than the ontractors, they had still been at a great loss in the sale of refuse. One reason for this loss was that while they were obliged to get the refuse taken daily from the depot, the farers would only purchase in the winter time. He had long thought that if country depots could be secured for the storage of the refuse when not purchased, that they would be able to dispose of it at a better price, by not being at the mercy of any one farmer or set of farmers. This opinion had now been verified, for alrady they, by the greater publicity, had had an offer of 2 shillings per ton, a great advance upon their former sales. By these depots, he believed they would be able to realise 2s 6d, and even 3 shillings per ton, which latter price would effect a saving to the parish of £2,000 a year. He also referred to the sanitary improvement that their arrangements offered and claimed for Newington credit for having solved a great parochial problem.

After remarks from Messrs Snell, Malthouse, Salway and Dr Cortis, the motion was unanimously agreed to."

1875, January 25: Fox Hunting Gravesend Journal
Description of Fox Hunt at Fawkham and Hartley by "Man in Green" - see printout

1875, February 6: Fare Evasion Pall Mall Gazette
"Samuel Shrubook, a builder's foreman, living in Grange Road, Bermondsey, was summoned at Lambeth yesterday for having travelled on the London, Chatham and Dover Railway, without having paid his fare, and with intent to avoid payment. The defendant took a ticket from Farningham Road to St Mary Cray, for which he paid a few pence. He did not alight, but travelled onto Herne Hill, where he was met by a woman who gave him a ticket from there to the Elephant and Castle. He thus avoided payment for the journey between Herne Hill and St Mary Cray. It was stated that frauds of this description were frequently commited. Mr Ellison sad it was a shameful fraud, and ordered the defendant to pay a fine of 40 shillings and £1 10s costs, with the alternative of one month's imprisonment. The magistrate regretted that he had now power to inflict a heavier punishment."

[The number of times my ticket has been checked on the footbridge at Bromley suggests that this type of fare evasion is still common.]

1875, February 20: Theft from Ash Butcher Chronicle
Wlliam Robbins (discharged) and George Booker (2 months) accused of stealing a leg of mutton, worth 8s 6d from Wlliam Russell, butcher, of Ash

1875, February 27: Accused of Mistreating Horse Gravesend Reporter
Gravesend Magistrates: "Thomas Blackburn of Longfield Hill, was charged with working a horse whilst in an unfit state - PS Jayne stated that at about 3 o'clock on Monday afternoon he saw a horse and cart in the New Road, and from the appearance of the horse, thought it was in pain. On examining it, he found a wound under the collar. The animal was aged, in a bad condition and quite unfit for work. PC Fitch corroborated. Mr Barker, veterinary surgeon, said he had examined the horse and found an abscess on the shoulder, and a raw wound under the collar, about the size of a hazel nut. He considered it was not fit to work. Defendant said the animal had been under treatment by a veterinary surgeon, and he did not consider it would do it any more harm by working that if it stood in the stable doing nothing. It ate a sack of beans a week. He complained of the treatment he had received from PC Fitch, who told him if he were a younger man he would 'warn him'. PC Fitch in reply to the bench, admitted he had said so, in consequence of the conduct of the defendant, whom he had been obliged to force back into the stable in Mr Green's yard, where the horse had been taken, to prevent him from interfering with the animal. The Mayor said the bench were of the opinion that it was a very improper expression to make use of. It was the duty of an officer to endeavour rather to prevent a breach of the peace. The magistrates retired to examine the horse; on their return the Mayor said they were of opinion that it was not an aggravated case. They thought the neglect was not intentional on the part of the defendant, and they should therefore not impose a fine, but simply order him to pay expenses and give the horse a month's rest."

1875, March 6: Meopham Church Improvements Gravesend Journal
Details of improvements to Meopham Church

1875, March 6: Dartford Board of Guardians Gravesend Journal
(date of cutting uncertain) Mr T Young is to be Hartley's representative on Board of Guardians

1875, April 17: Local News in Brief Dartford Chronicle
(1) C Laurie and T Dean appointed overseers for Hartley; (2) Whitstable Times - George Palmer Evelyn sworn in as a new magistrate for Kent.

1875, May 31: Gravesend Hospital Gravesend Journal
"Report to the annual meeting of the governors of the Gravesend and Milton Dispensary and Infirmary, held on the 28th day fo May 1873.

The Committee of Management, in presenting their 23rd annual report, have much pleasure in recording the continued and increasing success of the institution; the number of patients year by year testifying to the fact that it is a real benefit to the very poor of the town and neighbourhood. Since the last report, ie. during the years ending 31st March 1873, 1,445 patients have attended the Dispensary; of these 791 have been cured, 243 relieved, 12 died, 192 discharged, 99 casualties received relief, 108 remain under treatment. As it may be interesting to the governors, the following statement has been prepared, showing the parishes from which the patients have been received: Milton 443, Gravesend 440, Northfleet 238, Perry Street 50 and Rosherville 30, making a total of 318 in Northfleet Parish; Swanscombe 37, Denton 33, Chalk 27, Shorne 21, Greenhithe 21, Meopham 17, Grays 15, Cobham 13, Tilbury 11, Southfleet 10, Stone 7, Singlewell 6, Dartford 4, Ash 3, Mucking 3, Chadwell 3, Nurstead 2, Higham 2, Longfield 2, Camer 2, Ifield 1, Hartley 1, Comingham 1, Betsham 1, Luddesdown 1 (1,445). During the same period 97 cases have been admitted to the infirmary, 61 being cured, 16 relieved, 12 died, 8 remain under treatment. The following is a statement fo the parishes from which these patients were received:- Gravesend 23, Milton 17, Northfleet 16, from Shipping 16, Swanscombe 4, Southfleet 4, Coal-House Point 4, Dartford 3, Chalk 2, Meopham 2, Cobham 2, Shorne 1, West Tilbury 1, Grays 1, Strood 1. At no period since the institution was established has the number of infirmary patients been so large, and in many instances the accidents have been of a most serious nature; 64 accidents and other cases of emergency have been admitted without a subscriber's order, 16 of which came from vessels passing up or down the river. The Committee regret to state that although repeated applications have been made to the shipowners in London, no subscriptions have been received from taht quarter in aid of the funds. This is felt to be a great injustice, as accidents happening on board of ships are at once sent ashore, and every care and attention paid to the injured seamen, who but for this institution would have to be taken elsewhere. It is hoped that in future shipowners will in some measure recoup the expenses thus incurred.

In again acknowledging the kind and gratuitous services of the medical officers, and the attention and care given to the patients under their charge, the committee have to regret the resignation of Dr Armstrong, who held the office of surgeon for many years, and latterly that of consulting surgeon; and in recording their sense of the loss the institution will suffer by his retirement, they find that he is entitled to the warmest of thanks of the Governors. Dr Gramshaw - to whom the Governors are also greatly indebted for his long services as surgeon - having resigned that office, the Committee have much pleasure in recommending that he should be appointed consulting surgeon in the place of Dr Armstrong.

The committee have received donations during the year amounting to £242 5s 3d, which sum includes £50 from Mrs Thompson of Wrotham Road; £52 10s from J B Rosher esq of Crete Hall; and £9 15s from the Earl of Darnley, being the proceeds of sale of tickets for viewing Cobham Hall, with other sums fully set out in the financial statement. To all who have in any way aided in making up this large sum, the committee render their thanks. The amount received from collections in places of worship is £41 13s 5d, as compared with £77 10s in the preceding year. This souce of income fluctuates greatly in consequence of the fact that the ministers of religion do not place the claims of this institution before the congregations annually. If this were done in every place of worship in the town, many who are probably unable to become annual subscribers would be enabled to contribute towards a charity in which they take an interest.

In conclusion the committee congratulate the governors on the fact taht by the aid of a generous public, the object of the founders of this institution, viz 'to provide medical aid for the really destitute poor of Gravesend and its vicinity' - continues to be carried out most effectually, and they trust that the support of the subscribers and donors may lead to still greater success in the future." [Report continues with a list of donations, none appear to be from the Hartley/Longfield/Ash area]

1875, May 31: Land at Station Road for Sale South Eastern Gazette
"To builders, speculators and others. 10 acres of freehold building land, bounded by the main road and ripe for building operations, situate in the lovely district of Fawkham, Kent, and immediately facing the station on the London, Chatham and Dover Railway, and within short distances of Rochester, Dartford and Gravesend.

Messrs J & E Burford will sell by auction, at the Mart, Tokenhouse Yard, Lothbury EC, on Monday, June 7th 1875 at 12 o'clock precisely in one or more lots.

This very desirable freehold estate of 10 acres or thereabouts, together with 8 cottages, nearly finished, and a substantial builder's office erected thereon, situate on the Longfield Court Estate, facing the station of Fawkham, Kent.

The land is bounded on all side by the main road; there is gravel, sand, flint and good brick earth on the estate, and a bricked well of 150 feet, with a plentiful supply of water; the land is already staked out for building operations; and the property altogether offers an investment of a highly remunerative character.

Particulars had of Messrs Tanqueray-Willaums and Hanbury, No 34 New Broad Street, EC; and at the auctioneers' offices, 20 Throgmorton Street, Bank."

[Longfield Station had only opened in 1872 and it was already spurring the development of Longfield village]

1875, June 12: Pinden and Harrow Farms, Horton Kirby for Sale Chronicle
For Sale: freehold of Pinden and Harrow Farm (100 acres, rented out at £230 pa)

1875, June 25: Traffic Offence at Ash Bexleyheath Observer
"At the Dartford Petty Sessions on Saturday last, Alfred Parker, Hartley, was summoned by Mr Superintendent Fread for riding on a wagon without reins on the 20th May, at Ash. The defendant is very deaf, and appeared to understand but imperfectly what was said to him, in explanation of the charge, whith was substantiated by PC Taylor. The superintendent said he did not wish to press for a penalty, as he did not consider the defendant was the proper person to be entrusted with a team, being very deaf, and he was also lame. Fined 2s 6d and costs. John Forester, in the emply of Mr Ricomini of Ash, was summoned fora similar offence, viz driving a wagon at Kingsdown on the 29th May in such a way as not to have control of the horses. PC Taylor said the defendant was riding on the shafts and had no reins. Fined 2s 6d and costs."

[Note that the Magistrates ignored the police's plea for clemency in this case. Dartford Chronicle of 26.6.1875 said Alfred Parker worked for Thomas Gambrill (of New House Farm)]

1875, July 9: Rail Timetable Kent Times
Weekday Trains from London Victoria to Fawkham (Longfield) 06:45 (arr 07:39), 09:00 (arr 10:06), 11:35 (arr 12:50), 16:30 (arr 17:33), 17:20 (arr 18:34), 18:25 (arr 19:19), 20:43 (arr 22:00)

Weekday Trains from Fawkham (Longfield) to London Victoria 08:46 (arr 10:02), 10:39 (arr 12:00), 16:03 (arr 17:15), 19:11 (arr 20:45), 21:46 (arr 22:45)

Sunday trains from Victoria at 08:35, 15:00, 17:55, and to Victoria at 08:39, 11:25, 18:49, 22:25 (original paper does not use 24hr clock)

1875, August 16: Bankruptcy Sale South Eastern Gazette
"In Bankruptcy: Re W T Norman.

Mr Wm Hodsoll will sell by auction at Mr Evenden's warehouse, adjoining the Fawkham Railway Station, on the London, Chatham and Dover Railway, on Thursday August 19th 1875 at 1 o'clock for 2 o'clock (by order of the trustee). The valuable modern household furniture, comprising ornamental iron, Arabian and other bedsteads, excellent feather beds, mattresses, marble top washstands, handsome inlaid polished wardrobe, toilet tables, chests of drawers, capital Brussels and ohter carpets, set of mahogany dining tables, set of 6 handsome walnut chairs, covered in velvet, sofa, mahogany sideboard, fenders and fire irons, engravings, books etc etc. May be viewed on the morning of the sale, and catalogues had on the premises; of Messrs Lawrance, Plews, Boyer and Baker Solicitors, 14 Old Jewry Chambers, London EC; of Mr James Ray, Horton, Kent; and of Mr Hodsoll, auctioneer, Farningham, Kent."

1875, August 28: Theft at Ash Chronicle
John and Elizabeth Scott given 1 month for stealing bag of food and clothes from William Lee and William Middleton, at Royal Oak, Ash.

1875, August 30: Threshing Machine for Sale South Eastern Gazette
"To farmers and others. For sale: A Nearly new 4ft 6in Threshing Machine; has done only a few days' work. Also a very strong Traction Engine Road Truck, will carry 8 tons. Apply to J S Evenden, Longfield, Dartford."

1875, October 2: Foot and Mouth Disease Gravesend Journal
Foot and mouth disease spreading in district

1875, October 9: Dedications of Kent Churches Dartford Chronicle
Historical notes by J A Sparvel-Bayly. Analysis of early dedications of Kent Churches shows most popular are: (1) St Mary (108); (2) All Saints (35); (3) SS Peter and Paul (34)

1875, October 9: Mellikar Farm Sale Gravesend Reporter
"Mellikar Farm, Meopham, Kent: Mr John Coombes will sell by auction on Wednesday, the 13th October 1875, at 11 o'clock on the premises, the valuable live and dead stock, implements etc, comprising 4 draught horses, 2 cows, 2 steers, 2 sows, 11 porkers, 12 store pigs, a quantity of poultry, 2 waggons, 3 dung carts, spring van, 4 wheel chaise, pony cart, ring roll, a one horse roll, Kent and Iron Ploughs, ox and small harrows, set of iron harrows, iron and wood nidgets, strike and crease ploughs, sheep troughs, harnesses, and numerous items. By order of Messrs Augustus and Charles Munyard (quitting)..."

1875, October 16: Obstructing the Highway at Chapelwood Road Dartford Chronicle
John Body, fish hawker, fined 5s for obstructing highway outside Royal Oak with his cart and two donkeys.

1875, October 30: Local News in Brief Dartford Chronicle
(1) County Court: Col Evelyn v Capt Laurie. Plaintiff of Hartley Court sued for £2.5.0 for damage done to crops by cattle of defendant of Longfield Court, his tenant. Plaintiff said he was woken on night in question by 15 cattle of defendant which had trespassed on his cabbage ground and eaten 270 cabbages worth 1 d each. He wrote to defendant but letter returned unopened, plaintiffs groom didnt want to take letter because he feared violence at hand of defendant. He would withdraw case if defendant apologised for returning letter. Capt Laurie expressed regret, but said he didnt make such a fuss when plaintiffs cattle strayed on his land. Col Evelyn said when he let the field to the defendant it was arable and didnt need fence, but defendant turned it into pasture. Case dropped.; (2) East Kent Gazette: Flints for Sale "The flints in the land opposite to and adjoining Fawkham Station of the London, Chatham and Dover Railway. Apply to Mr Wills, Brickmaker, Sittingbourne, or Mr Gibson, Solicitor, Sittingbourne."

1875, November 20: Theft from Ash Chapel Dartford Chronicle
John Lane (18), labourer, of Ash, caught by tracker dog. Accused of stealing books and biscuits from Ash Chapel. Witness: Miss Matilda Packman of Ash, knew books, one had her name in it. Witness: James Tompsett, labourer for Mr Gambrill of Hartley, said he was on bank and saw Lane go into Glover's Wood with 2 bundles, succeeded in catching him and took him to White Swan. Several other thefts he was accused of eg. theft of clothes from Charles Packman at Ash.

1875, December 4: Fawkham County Court Case Gravesend Journal
County Court: Waterman of Fawkham v Whiffin

1875, December 25: Christmas at Dartford Bexleyheath Observer
"Dartford: Mr Barton, High Street, had 6 Scots, 6 Devons, 4 Shorthorns, 20 Southdowns from Mr J T Smith, Hartley; 10 half breds from Mr Pigou and a choice calf from Mr G Solomon, Joyce Green. Mr Jones, Lowfield Street, had 10 Scots, 4 shorthorns, half-bred sheep and a choice calf. Mr Filmer, High Street, 6 benets, including 1 bred and fed and exhibited at Smithfield, by Mr Walter Farthing, Stoney Court, Somerset, sheep and nice porkers. Mr Roots, Spital Street, had 2 prime Sussex beasts and some good Southdowns from Mr Stoneham, Crayford. Mr Kemp, Lowfield, exhibited some good seasonable beef and mutton. Mr Cosson, 2 Norfolks and Kent Sheep; Mr Manners, a fine pig, 11 months old, weight 60 stone, fed by Mr Faulkner, Erith; and another from Mrs Plummer, Belvedere, about 45lbs; also a good show of geese, turkeys etc. High Street had a very gay appearance, from the shops of the grocers, drapers, stationers, Birmingham houses etc. being set off very tastefully. We should not omit to mention also the shops of the confectioners and fruiterers, which were not deficient in picturesque effect."

[Notable for listing where the butcher shops bought their animals. Mr Smith of Fairby supplied 16 cows and 20 sheep to Mr Barton. In 1877 the agricultural returns state there were 54 cattle and 930 sheep in Hartley, so for cattle especially the Christmas market was very important. It has resonance today when people are much more interested in the origins of the food they eat. It also suggests that the turkey had not taken over locally as the Christmas dish. Not entirely sure what a "Birmingham House" is, but I presume it would have sold manufactured goods.]

1875, December 25: Poaching at Longfield Dartford Chronicle
Stephen Mitchell and George Cloke, coachman and groom to Col Evelyn of Hartley Court summonsed for poaching at Longfield Court by James Todd, gamekeeper to Capt Laurie. Adjourned.

[Further reference in Dartford Chronicle 22.1.1876]

1876, April 1: Southfleet - A Nameless Cart Kent Times
"Thomas Blackman of Longfield, was summoned for allowing a cart to be used on the highway without his name and address painted thereon. The defendant said cart was used without his knowledge, and this appearing to be the real facts of the case, the information was dismissed on the defendant paying the costs, 4s 6d."

1876, April 5: The sale of a Horse (Lawrie v Grindey) Morning Post
"Queen's Bench Division - Tuesday. Sittings at Westminster, before the Lord Chief Justice and a Common Jury.

Lawrie v Grindey. This was a action to recover £55 10s on a dishonoured cheque. The defendant pleaded no value or consideration. Mr Hall and Mr Giles were counsel for the plaintiff. Mr Kem was counsel for the defendant. The plaintiff was formerly a proctor in Doctor's Commons, and was now engaged in farming pursuits and residing at Hartley Court Farm, near Dartford, and the defendant was a horse and cattle dealer also residing at Dartford. It appeared that the plaintiff was the owner of a very valuable dray mare, about 16 hands 1 inch, which became lame in consequence of her having an enlarged hock, which rendered it necessary that she should be blistered and turned out. The mare, if sound, was admitted to be worth between £90 and £100, and the defendant after examining her agreed to give 50 guineas for her; she was taken away, but a day or two after she was sent back and the cheque stopped. The defence was that the plaintiff, when he sold the mare, warranted her to be all right ???? and fit for work, when in reality she was not. The evidence, as in all these cases, was contradictory, and the question was to whom the jury were to give the most evidence. At the conclusion of the evidence for the defence, the jury returned a verdict for the plaintiff for the full amount claimed."

1876, April 29: Licence Extension Refused Kent Times
Dartford Magistrates. "Mr Thomas Blackman of the Green Man public house, Longfield, applied for an extension of time on the occasion of a labourers' supper. The superintendent opposed the application, as he said that these extensions were the cause of a great deal of drunkenness. The Bench refused the application."

1876, May 6: Want Position Kent Times
"An active young man is seeking a situation as porter or warehouseman, in a grocery or provision trade; not accustomed to the trade; good scholar; able to take a round, if required; country preferred; state wages and particulars to H A Blake, Hartley Court, Dartford, Kent."

1876, May 13: Assault at Ash Dartford Chronicle
Henry Ripley, hawker, fined 40s for assaulting wife Naomi at Ash. Witness - son Wlliam

1876, May 20: Gamekeeper Situation Wanted The Field
"Gamekeeper - Situation wanted (head or single handed); son of head keeper; Scotchman; married; age 28, one child; knows his duties; excellent references; satisfactory reasons given for leaving present situation - Address with terms etc 'A.T. Hartley Court, Dartford."

1876, July 8: Local News in Brief Dartford Chronicle
(1) Theft of strawberries at Southfleet; (2) No dog licence - "Several persons were summoned at the petty sessions at Dartford on Saturday for keeping dogs without being in possession of licences. Mr George Best, farmer, Hartley, pleaded guilty to an offence of the kind. Mr Anderson, supervisor Tonbridge, prosecuted for the Board of Inland Revenue, and said the defendant had 2 dogs for which no licence had been obtained. In reference to an observation of Mr Best, that he had not been called upon last year, the supervisor siad it would be impossible for the officers to call upon everyone. The notices were always posted at the church doors. The mitigated penalty of 25 shillings was ordered to be paid."

1876, August 12: Theft at Ash Dartford Chronicle
Joseph Lane (19) remanded on charges of theft from premises of Wlliam Russell at Ash, and for breaking into dwelling houses of Thomas Gambrill at Hartley and stealing 2 brushes and Vz pint milk.

1876, August 19: Burglary at New House Farm Bexleyheath Observer
"A promising youth - On Thursday Joseph Lane of Ash, who had only recently left gaol, was brought up on remand before S C Umfreville esq, at the magistrates clerk's office at Dartford, and charged wtih breaking and entering the dwelling house of Thomas Gambrill at Hartley, and stealing therefrom 2 brushes and half a pint of milk, his property. Evidence was given by a servant of the prosecutor, Ellen Tomeetz, to the effect that the articles named were in the pantry when she fastened it at 10 o'clock on the 31st July, and it was shown that the pantry had been entered by a window, only secured by string to a nail. The prisoner was taken at Mr W Russell's farm, and admitted the theft, saying he had hidden one of the brushes in a garden, belonging to Alfred Elham, and the article was found by the lattre and given up to Mr Supt Fread. The prisoner was then further charged with having stolen about 3 gallons of peas, a sack, bag, stone bottle, tin bottle and 2 keys, valued at 10 shillings, the property of William Russell, at Ash, on or about the 5th August. The prisoner also admitted this charge when apprehended, and on Thursday made no defence. He was committed to the sessions on both charges. Supt Fread said the prisoner had been convicted on three previous occasions, once for sacrilege, and twice for larceny. He had only been out of prison a few days. Mr Russell said the prisoner was a native of Ash."

[Joseph Lane had previously been sentenced to 4 months for sacrilege by breaking into Ash Chapel on 8 November 1875 and a further 2 weeks for 2 cases of larceny at Ash in October 1875 (Whitstable Times 25.3.1876). Remand hearing for this case reported in Dartford Chronicle of 12.8.1876 For these offences he was convicted at the West Kent Quarter Sessions on 20 October 1876 and was imprisoned for 2 years with a 7 year police supervision order (Gravesend Journal 26.10.1876 - "Joseph Lane, 19, labourer, pleaded guilty to housebreaking and stealing 2 brushes and half a pint of milk, the property of Thomas Gambrill at Hartley, on the 31st July. Mr Horton Smith prosecuted, and Supt Fread gave prisoner a very bad character. Sentenced to 2 years' hard labour, and 7 years' police supervision. Another charge of felony against prisoner was not proceeded with.").]

1876, September 2: Longfield Station Rochester Journal
Timetable: Trains from Victoria with time at Longfield in brackets: Mon-Sat 6.35 (7.39), 8.55* (10.09), 11.35 (12.52), 13.22 (14.35), 16.30 (17.33), 17.15 (18.09), 18.25 (19.19), 20.50 (22.06), Sun 9.00* (9.57), 10.25 (11.37), 15.00 (16.12),18.25 (19.23), 21.15 (22.30).

Trains from Longfield to Victoria with time at Victoria in brackets: Mon-Sat 8.08 (9.25), 8.45 (9.55), 10.39 (12.00), 16.02 (17.15), 18.05 (19.18), 18.49 (19.44), 21.56* (22.55), Sun 8.39 (9.54), 11.25* (12.45), 18.49 (20.10), 22.25 (23.45).

Parliamentary trains are starred.

1876, September 9: Visit to Green Street Green Dartford Chronicle
"A Day in the Hopfields" at Greenstreet Green - see printout

1876, September 30: Alleged Neglect Dartford Chronicle
"Alleged Parental Neglect - At the Dartford Petty Sessions on Saturday, George Day, a labouring man was summoned for neglecting to maintain a child on the 15th September, become chargeable to the common fund of the Dartford Union. Mr McCleary, relieving officer, spoke to the child being in a weak and emaciated state, and to it removal to the union, and the case was adjourned for a fortnight for the medical officer to appear, the defendant being bound over to his own recognizance of £20 to be present at the next sessions." [This article and that of 21.10.1876 relate to a case of alleged child neglect, although in the end it was dismissed because the medical officer said the child's state might not be caused by neglect. George would have had considerable problems - his wife Mary Ann died the previous year, so he was left as a single parent with 2 children - George (b 1863) and Annie (b 1867) and no doubt had to work nearly all hours of the day. Dartford Chronicle 30.9.1876 has the same story, it mentions claim that child had a low fever due to malnourishment]

1876, October 7: Longfield Station Inquest Dartford Chronicle
John Hoar (14) telegraph clerk at Fawkham Station, run over by train there. Inquest finds accidental death

1876, October 21: Alleged Neglect Gravesend Reporter
"George Day, labourer, of Hartley, who did not appear was again summoned for neglecting to provide sufficient nourishment for his daughter, whereby she became chargeable to the common fund of the Dartford Union. Dr Tucker of Farningham, stated that when he saw the child it was suffering from low fever, but he could not say that it was caused by neglect. Mr McClary, the relieving officer, stated that his attention was drawn to the child by Colonel Evelyn and the Rev W W Allen, rector of the parish, and he reported the facts to the Guardians, who ordered these proceedings be taken. The bench dismissed the case."

[See 30.9.1876 for more on this case]

1876, October 28: Longfield Court Sale Dartford Chronicle
Advert for auction of furniture (details) etc and long lease of Longfield Court (also in Gravesend Reporter 21.10.1876)

1876, November 14: Rate Arrears Kentish Gazette
Overseers of Poor at Hartley, Fawkham, Eynsford, Stone, Southfleet and Lullingstone to be sued for arrears in highway rate collection.

1876, November 18: Petrol Retailer Dartford Chronicle
Licence to store 10 gallons of petroleum at Welling Post Office.

1877, February 10: Gravesend Proprietary School Gravesend Journal
"Two old pupils of this school, Mr Arthur Pryce and Mr Edward John Doherty, have just taken their BA degree at Cambridge, and have obtained honours in the Mathematical Tripos… Mr Doherty 21st Junior Optimo… Mr Doherty, son of H Doherty esq of Longfield, near Gravesend, was also a pupil, for some years at the Gravesend Proprietary School, and passed the Junior and Senior Local Examinations of the University of Cambridge, and the Matriculation Examination of the University of London in [1872], after which he went for some few months to Wesley College, Sheffield, whence he proceeded to the University, entering at St John's College Cambridge."

1877, March 31: Farm Animals for Sale South Eastern Gazette
"To farmers and graziers. For sale young healthy horned stock, and several young nag horses. Apply to Mr G Cawston, Hartley Court, Dartford, Kent."

1877, April 7: Bastardy Appeal Kent Times
West Kent Quarter Sessions: "Noakes v Clayton. Mr Smith appealed against a bastardy order make upon Noakes, a farm bailiff by the Dartford Magistrates. Mr Biron appeared for respondent.

Mary Clayton said she was 18 years of age, and lived with her uncle and aunt, who lived at Longfield, went to Gravesend, and while they were absent Noakes, a married man, came to the house, where he was in the habit of visiting. He appeared strange in his manner, and when she was leaving the room he caught hold of her, and purshed her back into a chair, which was standing in te corner of the room, and committed the indecency. She resisted in vain, and Noakes asked her to say nothing about it, and she did not mention the affair to anyone. In reply to Mr Smith, respondent said appellant was the only man who had been intimate with her. A Mr Quaif had appartments in her uncles's house, but he was not there during the month of January. She had never had any conversation with Mrs Martin about Noakes, and had not told her that he had never laid a hand upon her. She would swear tthat she had not told Mr Hoskings that Noakes had never taken liberties with her. She had never been in a stable with a man named Alfred Stevens, and if she had said that he was the man for her she meant no harm by the remark. Re-examined: She was confined of a girl.

Mrs Edmeades saw Noakes in Mr West's house. She saw appellant pushing respondent into the corner of the room. Mrs Lock and Mr George Edmeades were also examined, and corroborated the last witness's statemetn; and a witness, who prepared plans of the respondent's uncle's house, was called and deposed that it was possible for persons on the outside of the house to see into the room in which the intimacy was alleged to have taken place.

Mr Smith then opened his case, and called Francis Noakes, who said he was a married man with 7 children. He knew the girl Clayton, and her uncle and aunt, and had been in the habit of visiting the latter frequently. On the 8th of January he had occasion to go to Meopham Station to fetch Miss Crowe, a governess. He met Miss Crowe, and brought her to Longfield; it was about 5 o'clock. He would take his oath before the Court and the living God that he had never interfered with the girl Clayton, and God only knew why the charge had been preferred against him. Mary Noakes, wife of appellant, said in March 1876, she went to see Emma Clayton, when Mrs Goodwin and others were present. She went to the house on account of what some boys had said about her husband and her respondent. Clayton said to witness, 'You did not think I was such a bad girl, did you, Mrs Noakes?' Witness replied that she hoped not. Clayton then said that she did not know a more decent man than Mr Noakes, and that he had never laid a hand upon her in his life. A labourer named Hoskings deposed to going to respondent's house on the day referred to by last witness, an dcorroborated the statement made by Mrs Noakes as to the conversation. Elizabeth Martin, living at Meopham, said she spoke to Clayton, when she denied that Noakes had ever taken liberties with her.

After hearing the evidence of William Croucher, John Lines, Thomas Letchford, and William Johnson, Mr Biron made a lengthy and eloquent address to the Bench. After the magistrates had retired for a few minutes, they returned into Court, and said that they had decided to confirm the magistrates' order.

Maintenance Order (South Eastern Gazette, 4.7.1877)

West Kent Quarter Sessions: "Noakes v Clayton. This was an appeal by Francis Noakes, a farm bailiff of Longfield, near Gravesend, against a bastardy order made against him upon the suit of Emma Clayton, the adopted daughter of Mr and Mrs West, her uncle and aunt, of Longfield. Mr F J Smith was for the appellant and Mr Biron for the respondent. The case occupied nearly 5 hours, and eventually the Court confirmed the order of the magistrates below, at the same time refusing to alter the amount of the order, 4 shillings a week."

1877, April 28: Hartley's First Shop? Gravesend Reporter
"..... Fardon's Balsam of Aniseed is sold at every shop where medicines may be purchased, and by the following agents:- .... Fawkham - Mrs Webster; Hartley - Mr Wansbury; Meopham - Mr Bishop...."

[This advert for cold medicine mentions the shop of Mr Wansbury of the Black Lion.]

1877, April 28: Shocking and Fatal Accident South Eastern Gazette
"Ash near Dartford. On Wednesday last James Ashenden, the manager of the Swan Inn, met with his death in a most shocking manner. Some horses were employed in drawing timber from the land of the Rev R Salwey, the rector of the Parish, and as the four horses attached to the tug were not sufficient to get it out of hte meadow, Ashenden went to assist with 2 more horses. As he was walking at the side of the horses, he fell, and the timber tug passed over the side of his body, killing him instantly. No inquest was held."

1877, May 19: Fire at Darenth Cottages Bexleyheath Observer
Alleged Arson. "A man named William Longhurst, 50, labourer, was taken before the magistrates sitting in petty session at Dartford on Saturday, these for the case being T Bevan esq (in the chair), and J G Hepburn esq, and charged with having wilfully and maliciously set fire to 2 cottages that morning, at Hartley, the property of T H Fleet esq, several persons being in the cottages at the time. PS Instructor Hoar said at 2a the alarm of fire was given that the cottages in question were on fire, and on enquiry as to the ersons seen last in the vicinity of the cottages previous to the outbreak of the fire, he ascertained that the prisoner, who slept in a little shed near, was seen in a field at the back of cottages shortly before. He asked the prisoner what time he went to bed on Thursday night, and the prisoner could not tell him. He said he had taken some beer with a person, and went to bed and knew nothing about the fire till called in the morning. A person named Day occupying one of the cottages told him (the constable) he left the cottage at half past one and returned in half an hour, when the cottages were on fire. Just before the occurrance Longhurst had threatened Day that he should not remain in the cottage long. On the application of Supt Fread, the prisoner who had nothing to say, was remanded for a week."

[The case was sensationally dropped when it was discovered the chief prosecution witness had previously been suspected of arson himself. The cottages were rebuilt but demolished about 1970 to widen Ash Road, they lay between the Black Lion and Hartley House.

It seems William Longhurst did not emigrate as he said he was thinking of. He is probably the William Longhurst buried at Hartley on 14 October 1915, aged 87. Although other members of the Longhurst family did emigrate later to Australia. William had a police record - Gravesend Journal 28.11.1866 - William Longhurst given 2 months’ hard labour for stealing 12 rabbits from Hartley Manor estate on 12 November. Gravesend Journal 15 June 1870 - William Longhurst given 2 months’ hard labour for stealing pair of scales belonging to Fanny Parris. But was also the victim of crime - Dartford Chronicle 25.10.1879 - Thomas Spicer fined 5s for assaulting William Longhurst at Longfield)]

1877, May 26: Fire at Darenth Cottages Bexleyheath Observer
(1) Bexleyheath Observer: "Alleged Setting fire to Cottages - Commital for trial of the Accused

On Saturday, William Longhurst, 50, labourer, of Hartley was brought up on remand at Dartford, before T Bevan (in the chair), J G Hepburn, esqs, and Col Evelyn, and charged with wilfully and maliciously setting fire to two cottages, on the 12th inst, at Hartley, the property of T H Fleet esq, several persons being in the cottages at the time.

The first witness called was George Day, who said he lived at Hartley. Up to the 12th of the present month he occupied a cottage near the Black Lion. It had one floor, and a thatched roof. An adjoining cottage was occupied by his father Charles Day. At about a quarter to two in the morning of the 12th inst, he was sitting indoors with his brother Henry, who lived with his father, and prisoner came in about half-past one and remained 10 minutes. On leaving, the prisoner said he was soon going abroad, and that he (witness) would not be there (in the cottage) much longer - perhaps not two hours.

The Chairman: "And why were you sitting up so late?" Witness: "We were not doing any harm, sir." The Chairman: "Were you drinking?" Witness: "No sir, we sat talking."

Witness resumed: I asked prisoner what he meant by what he said, and he gave no answer. Prisoner was not the worse for drink. Shortly after prisoner had gone, hardly ten minutes from this, I smelt smoke and opened the door and heard someone run towards Longfield. On going to the south side of the house, I saw that the eaves were on fire, and tried to put the fire out with water, but could not. there was very little wind; and the weather was showery. I ran for Mr Cooper, my landlord, and when I returned, commenced to get my things out. In doing this I dropped my hat, before the front door and could not find it then. Whilst engaged in getting my things out, prisoner came from the road and went to his hut, at the west corner of the cottage. Prisoner had nothing on his head. A man named William Cherry was assisting in getting the things out of the next cottage, and brought me a hat. This was prisoner's; he wore it when he left my cottage shortly before. About 7 yards separated his hut from my cottage. Mr Cooper, on arriving, went and fetched prisoner out of his hut. Prisoner came up to me; he had a hat on, and my daughter said to him, "That's my father's hat you have on," and prisoner took the hat from my head, and gave me his.

By the Bench: I had not spent the evening with the prisoner. Was greatly surprised to see prisoner come into my cottage at such an hour in the morning. He was not in the habit of coming in at such a time. Do not recollect what prisoner said when he first came in. Had seen him between 8 and 9. I went shopping afterwards, between 9 and 10, and on returning home did not go out again. Sat down and talked all the time, from 10 till nearly 2.

Prisoner put some questions to witness, which were heard vry indistinctly; the witness, however, gave a negative reply to all.

The chairman: Did he have any beer with you? Witness: "Yes sir; a glass. We had a half a gallon from 10 o'clock.

Henry Day, labourer, who gave his evidence, in reply to the clerk, in a very inattentive and loutish way, said: I live with my father at Hartley, and am brother to the last witness. Remember the night of the 12th. Was at my brother's cottage at ten, and remained there till the alarm of fire was given. Prisoner came in about half past one. He had a drink of beer. I made no answer to what prisoner said, neither did my brother. Prisoner left a little before two. A few minutes after, my brother remarked that he smelt smoke, and opened the door. He shouted out that the place was on fire, and I assisted my brother in trying to put it out, but found we could not. I then went and called father and mother. The hat produced is the same prisoner wore when in the cottage.

William Cherry, labourer, living at Hartley, said he lived about 30 yards from the cottages. Was called up at two in the night of the twelfth. Got up and saw the cottages were on fire; and that this had reached the roof. Prisoner was coming up the road from Longfield; he turned into the garden of the cottages about 8 or 9 yards from me, and went to the hut in which he generally sleeps.

By the chairman: Prisoner walked straight into his hut. We found him there at 3 in the morning. He seemed as if sober when coming along the road. He was walking fast and had no hat on.

The Chairman: "Then are we to understand from you that he walked straight by the cottages on fire, and paid no attention to them?" Witness: "Yes, sir."

Witness resumed: On going to the fire, I saw George Day and his little girl. Day did not appear drunk at all. It was a foggy night. I picked up a hat, that now produced; it was at the corner of the cottage nearest the prisoner's hut. I placed it upon George Day's head, as I saw he had no hat. Mr Cooper came up shortly after, and he went to the prisoner's hut. We told prisoner to come out, or he would be burnt out. Prisoner replied "Put it out Harry" (Cooper), and went straight to George Day and the little girl of the latter said to her father, pointing to the prisoner's head, "That's your hat, father, and you have Longhurst's," and they exchanged hats.

Annie Day, an intelligent looking girl of about 10 years, daughter of George Day, said when n bed in the night of the 12th, she heard her father and Longhurst talking, and the latter say that they would not be there much longer. Longhurst was not in the cottage more than 10 minutes or a quarter of an hour. She was called up, being told that the house was on fire. Saw her father endavour to put the fire out. Afterwards he went for Mr Cooper. When he returned with Mr Cooper, she went to Longhurst's hut and called him. He gave no answer, but she heard him breathe hard. Went back to the cottage and assisted in getting the things out. When prisoner came up with Mr Cooper, she told prisoner he had her father's hat on, and that her father had his.

Henry Cooper said he was called up at ten minutes to two on Saturday morning by George Day, who told him the cottage was on fire. Day appeared to be sober. The fire had reached the eaves, and was breaking through the roof. Tried to put the fire out. Afterwards went to prisoner's hut. Prisoner appeared to be awaking up from sleep; he had had a little beer, but was not drunk. Prisoner has asked him 7 weeks before to let him the cottage George Day had, and he declined to.

Police Sergeant Hoar, at Hartley, said from what he had heard he went to the prisoner at a quarter past three. He asked him what time he had gone to bed. Prisoner said he could not say; but he had gone to Mr Dean's, who was not at home. Prisoner told him he then returned and went to George Day's cottage and had a "drain" of beer; then he went to bed, and knew nothing of the fire till called by Cooper in the morning. Asked prisoner to accompany him to Day and Cooper. Before these persons he asked him if it was true what George Day told him, that prisoner was in Day's cottage a few minutes before the fire. Prisoner did not reply; but afterwards he said he knew nothing about the fire. Witness then told him he should take him into custody on suspicion of setting fire to the cottages. Prisoner replied, "All right; you must do your duty." Prisoner had his own hat on. Found on him a fusee, knife and 1s 10d in money.

Prisoner, who said he was innocent, was then committed for trial at the assizes.

Dartford Chronicile. Charge of Arson

William Longhurst, a middle aged man of poor appearence, was charged on remand with having maliciously set fire to two cottages at Hartley, on the 12th inst., several persons being at the time therein. George Day living at Hartley, said the one cottage belonged to him, and the other to his father. They were tenants under T H Fleet esq. Prisoner, who lived in a shed between the two cottages, came in on that morning at about a quarter to two. Witness and his brother Henry were sitting up late talking, and were surprised at the visit. Prisoner went out threatening that he was going to leave the country and they should not be there long. Shortly afterward he found his own cottage on fire, and both were burned down. Henry Day brother, and Annie Day, daughter corroborated. William Cherry spoke to having seen prisoner walking fast along the Longfield Road without his hat. Mr Cooper, agent, said he went to Mr Longhurst’s hut, and that finding him apparently asleep, he roused him. PC Law said that the prisoner, when charged, made no reply. The case was sent for trial in the usual manner, prisoner briefly protesting his innocence.

[For notes see 17.5.1877]

1877, June 2: Longfield Station East Kent Gazette
Timetable: Trains from Victoria with time at Longfield in brackets: Mon-Sat 6.35 (7.39), 8.55 (10.09), 11.50 (12.52), 15.22 (16.35), 16.30 (17.33), 17.15 (18.10), 18.26 (19.19), 21.20 (22.27), Sun 9.00 (9.57), 10.25 (11.37), 15.00 (16.12),18.25 (19.23), 21.15 (22.30).

Trains from Longfield to Victoria with time at Victoria in brackets: Mon-Sat 8.08 (9.25), 8.46 (9.55), 10.45 (11.50), 16.07 (17.20), 18.05 (19.18), 18.50 (19.45), 22.00 (23.20), Sun 8.39 (9.54), 11.25 (12.45), 18.54 (20.15), 21.55 (23.15).

Not very many changes from 1876 timetable.

1877, June 16: No Dog Licence Dartford Chronicle
Elvy Cooper of Hartley fined 25s for not having a dog licence

1877, July 21: Fire at Darenth Cottages Dartford Chronicle
"William Longhurst, 50, labourer, was indicted at the Kent Summer Assizes on the 13th inst. for setting fire to two houses, several persons being therein, the property of T H Fleet esq. at Hartley, on the 12th May. Mr Waring prosecuted, and Mr Dean defended prisoner. George Day, a labourer, said that he occupied a cottage next door to his father near the Black Lion, at Hartley. The roofs were thatched. About one o’clock at night the prisoner came into the room, where witness was talking with his brother. Prisoner remained about a quarter of an hour and left. Before he left he said he was going to leave the country, and witness would not stop [much longer]. Shortly after prisoner left [a smell of fire was noticed] He saw the house [was on fire at the eaves. Witness commenced getting his goods out and dropped his hat Henry Day, brother of last witness] corroborated, and identified the hat produced as the one worn by the prisoner. William Cherry [deposed] to seeing William Longhurst coming fromt the direction of the hut shortly after it commenced. Prisoner had no hat on then. Witness afterwards found the hat produced near where the fire originated. Annie Day, daughter of George Day, corroborated her father’s evidence, and said she saw the prisoner take her father’s hat from his head and put it on his own whilst the house was on fire. George Day recalled, acknowledged to being apprehended once on a charge of setting fire to a stable. The case was dismissed without Mr Dean addressing the jury." [For notes see 17.5.1877]

1877, July 21: Kent and Sussex Labourers' Union Dinner Kent Times
"West Yoke and Ash Branch will hold its anniversary tonight (Saturday). The members will meet at the Railway Tavern, Longfield at 10.30, and headed by the Dartford Brass Band and the banner, will march through Hartley to the meeting house. Dinner on table at 2 o'clock; tickets 2s 6d each. Mr Howard will attend."

1877, July 28: OAP Party Dartford Chronicle
James Middleton (81) of Hartley at Dartford OAPs party - see printout

1877, August 11: Fawkham Cricket Club Dartford Chronicle
First mention of Fawkham Cricket Club (Batting order J Trevellian, A Holland, D Trevellian, G Phillips, R Baker, W Webster, E Webster, H Porter, S Webster, G Brown, T Lucas). Fawkham won by 8 runs

1877, September 8: Harvest Dartford Chronicle
Kent harvest said to be poor - 27 bushels per acre for wheat

1877, September 22: Wood for Sale South Eastern Gazette
"To be sold. About 30 trees now lying in Chapel Wood, Hartley, near Fawkham, close to the high road. Apply to Messrs Glover and Homewood, Auctioneers, Gravesend."

1877, October 20: A Runaway Horse Gravesend Reporter
"Some consternation was caused in the neighbourhood of Milton Road and Edwin Street about half past 2 o'clock on Thursday afternoon last, by a horse running away, belonging to Mr Lynes (prob Lynds) of Longfield. The driver was transacting his business in the shop of Mr T Smith, King Street, leaving his horse and cart standing outside the door, when suddenly it bolted, and ran at a terrific pace down the Milton Road. When it arrived near Edwin Street it swerved suddenly around, and the wheels of the trap caught the stone work to which the iron railings are attached, snapping a portion of the railing and complely removing the stonework for several yards. The horse then continued its course up Edwin Street, when on coming opposite No. 10, the wheel of the trap came into contact with the iron railing and completely shattered both railings and stonework, several of the former being smashed in two. During the whole of the time the horse was pursuing its course, Mr S Cross had hold of the reins, endeavouring to stop it, and it was owing entirely to his praiseworthy exertions that the horse was pulled up before doing more serious injuries. the shafts were broken, but, strange to say, the horse was uninjured."

1877, December 8: Longfield Tip South London Chronicle
Newington Vestry meeting: "A report received from the Depot Committee stated that durig the last fortnight 2,157 loads had been received at the [Walworth] depot, and 1,830 tons sent away by rail. The same committee recommended 'That they be empowered to purchase additonal horses for the work of the parish'.

Mr Stuart Barker sen, in moving the adoption of this recommendation, said that at the present time the horses were working too much. If the recommendation wre adopted, tehy would be enabled to give some over worked horses a day's rest, which would be beneficial both to the animals and the parish.

Mr Sale seconded, and it was carried unanimously." [A previous report in the paper of 24.11.1877 said in the previous 2 weeks the Walworth depot had received 2,243 loads of refuse and sent away 1,631 tons to Kent.]

1878, March 28: Trading Standards Charge Gravesend Reporter
Dartford Magistrates: "Sarah Webster was summoned for selling adulterated mustard at Fawkham, on the 19th February. Supt Fread, who has recently been appointed inspector under the Act, deposed to purchasing the mustard and receiving a certificate from the county analyst to the effect that it was adulterated with 10 percent of wheat flour. Mr CR Gibson referred to the clause under which the summons was issued, and contended that the article sold must be to the prejudice of the purchaser, and it was not the fact in this case, as the mustard was the same as that usually supplied as an article of food. He further quoted a case to show that if the article sold was of the ordinary quality sold in the neighbourhood, it was not adulterated. The bench dismissed the case."

1878, March 30: Dartford Board of Guardians Dartford Chronicle
Hartley - Rev W W Allen appointed Guardian

1878, April 6: Hartley Overseers Dartford Chronicle
George Wansbury and Thomas Deane appointed overseers

1878, May 18: Inquest at Longfield Dartford Chronicle
Inquest on death of John Young, a tramp, found in a barn at Longfield, died of inflammation of the lungs

1878, July 20: Fawkham Cricket Club Gravesend Reporter
Team played All Saints CC at home and won by 32 runs.

Fawkham 60 (D trevillian 4, A Hollands 4, J Trevillian 3, W Hollands 27, W Webster 2, S Webster 1, J Hollands 0, J Maloney 11*, C Amos 2, O Hollands 2, E Webster 1, Extras 3 (H Bevan took 6 wickets).

All Saints 28 (J Bevan 5, H Bevan 13, J Dalton 0, J Gladdish 0, A Coomber 1, A Treadwell 0, G Williams 3, W Lane 1, H Thompson 1, G Hawes 0, H Clarke 0*, Extras 4)

[Reverse fixture at home ground of All Saints - Lennox Road, Gravesend, All Saints (66 & 45) beat Fawkham (27 & 27) by 57 runs. Gravesend Reporter 12.10.1878]

1878, September 7: Hartley Court, sale of Stock Dartford Chronicle
Advert for sale of farming stock at Hartley Court - see printout

1878, September 7: Kent and Sussex Labourers' Union Fawkham Kent Times
"Fawkham: Last Saturday this Branch of the Union held its first anniversary, which turned out to be a most successful affair, about 40 members dining together in the afternoon, and several hundreds of persons gathering together in the evening. The village is about 3 miles and a half from the railway station, and is purely devoted to agriculture, and although there are several flourishing branches of the union in all the villages around, the Fawkham Branch is gradually becoming very successful, there are already between 50 and 60 members. After dinner a number of sports were indulged in, and at half past 6 a public meeting was held, whith Mr Young, the branch secretary in the chair. Mr Simmons, addressing the meeting, meet with a very cordial reception, this being his first visit to Fawkham. He said he asked the gathering to be considerate towards him, as he was labouring under a severe cold, which had not been improved by a 3 miles walk through a drenching rain that afternoon in order to be with them. He then gave a short address upon labour questions, and upon the Union, and observed that his 7 years' work among the labouring classes of Kent and Sussex had proved to him that the Union was just the one thing which the labouring man needed. Hitherto he (the labourer) had been helplesss, now he was protected; he had been ignored, now he was becoming respected; he was oppressed, now he had become free (cheers). He (Mr Simmons) claimed that the Kent and Sussex Labourers' Union had brought about these good things for the kent and Sussex labourers; and what was more, the Kent and Sussex labourers knew it (hear, hear). All that the labourers now had to do was to see that they remained true to themselves and their Union, and if they acted up to the principles of the Union, they might regard their old state of poverty and oppression as something that had passed away forever (cheers). A cordial vote of thanks was given to Mr Simmons for his address and three hearty cheers closed the meeting. The rest of the evening was devoted to music, dancing etc to the strains of the Greenhithe Brass Band."

1878, October 7: Flints for Sale at Hartley Manor South Eastern Gazette
"To cotractors and others: Broken flints for roads, fine flints for paths, in trucks at Longfield siding or delivered at any station of London, Chatham and Dover Railway, or lines in connection with it. For terms apply to the manager, Flint Quarries, Hartley Manor, near Dartford."

1878, November 2: Wage Cuts Proposed Dartford Chronicle
Farmers want to cut local labourer's wages from 2s 4d - 2s 6d per day to 2s - 2s 3d a day. High rents and no reduction in tithes blamed by labourers and farmers alike. Lockout by employers threatened.

1878, November 23: Land for Sale at Longfield Dartford Chronicle
Land for sale at Longfield

1878, November 30: Landowner against Trade Unions Dartford Chronicle
H B Hohler of Fawkham Manor writes against Agricultural Union. Thinks strikes "artificial" and destroying trade, union's demands "extreme"

1878, November 30: Hartley Manor, sale of wood Dartford Chronicle
Sale of underwood at Hartley Manor (see printout)

1878, December 28: Weights and Measures Prosecution Dartford Chronicle
"Dartford Petty Sessions - Saturday December 18, Before A W Bean esq in the chair, and J G Hepburn esq.

George Charles Wansbury of Hartley, grocer and publican, was summoned for having 3 unjust weights in his possession, and also with having a certain weighing machine deficient.

Mr Webb, inspector of weights and measures, said he visited the defendant's premises , and found, on examining his weighing machine , that it was three-quarters of an ounce against the purchaser. On examining the weights he found a half pound weight 2 drams light, a 2 ounce one 1 dram light, and the other one slightly deficient.

The defendant's plea was that he told his repairer of weights and measures (who resided at some distance) to come over and look after his scales previously to this, but he did not come. He was the only repairer of weights and scales in the district, and consequently he could not get them done elsewhere, or he would certainly have done so. He had always tried to do jstice to everyone. He was at present a dealer in pork and there had never been one complaint made against him before the cause of his weights being deficient was that when any pork was weighed the brine would run off the scales onto the counter where the weights wwere standing, and after a while the weights became deficient .. The Chairman told him to see his weights and scales more correct in future. He would now be fined 10 shillings and costs in each case.

[Mr Wansbury's shop at the Black Lion is first mentioned in an advert of 1877. I am not aware of any shop before then (excluding agriculture related business such as the wheelwright and smith).]

1879, February 22: Drunkenness at Hartley Dartford Chronicle
Robert Bishop fined 10s and 9s costs for drunkenness at Hartley

1879, April 5: Hartley Guardian Election Dartford Chronicle
Rev W W Allen reelected guardian without opposition

1879, May 10: Gravesend Hospital Gravesend Journal
"The operations of the past year have resulted in a very large increase in the numbers benefitted in the outdoor department, the number being over 220 in excess of the highest yet relieved in any previous year. The number of patients received into the Infirmary has only been exceeded in 1874 and 1877, and the committee are anxious to acknowledge the blessing of the Almighty in enabling them by the funds placed at their disposal, not only to relieve so many sufferers, but also to carry over a balance into the ensuing year. The total number of outpatients during 29 years of the existence of the Dispensary has been 34,824, the inpatients during 24 years being 1,838. During the past year ending March 31st, 1,753 patients were treated at the Dispensary, of which number 707 have been cured, 562 relieved, 17 died, 196 have been discharged, 134 casualties received medical and surgical relief, and 137 remained under treatment. The numbers from the various parishes and district were as follows: Gravesend 594, Milton 572, Northfleet 259, Perry Street 60, Chalk 30, Rosherville 30, Swanscombe 29, Denton and East Milton 27, Tilbury 25, Grays 24, Meopham 15, Shorne 13, Southfleet 12, Greenhithe 10, Cobham 9, Minching 9, Longfield 4, Singlewell 4, West Thurrock 4, Ifield 3, Betsom 2, Corringham 2, Tobbing 2, Green Street Green 2, Higham 2, Hornden 2, Stone 2, Chadwell 1, Dartford 1, Hartley [? Harkley in paper] 1, Horton Kirby 1, Newstead 1, St Mary Cray 1. Of 103 cases admitted to the infirmary during the same period 71 have been cured, 14 relieved, 9 died and 9 remained under treatment; from Gravesend 28, Northfleet 26, Milton 20, Shipping 14, Swanscombe 3, Greenhithe 2, Singlewell 2, London 2, Cobham 1, Darenth 1, Longfield 1, Meopham 1, Southfleet 1, Stone 1; 14 cases came from shipping in the river; the greatest number of patients at one time being 11...." [List of donations included Longfield Church £2 0s 2d, Meopham Church £7 7s 7d, Southfleet £7 10s 0d. Hospital now asks churches and chapels to hold collections on 'Hospital Sunday' - 2nd Sunday in October]

1879, May 20: Evelyn Family Times
Death of George Rowley John Evelyn of fever at Port Ekowe

1879, May 24: Truancy at Hartley Dartford Chronicle
David Scones of Hartley fined 1 s for not sending daughter to school

1879, May 31: Cycling Club Kentish Independent
"Invicta Bicycle Club - On Saturday last, the members of this old established club met at headquarters, Mr Hanson's, Burrage Road for a run to Wrotham, 12 competitors putting in an appearance. The men looked very smart in their new uniforms of dark blue with the rampart horse of Kent in their polo caps. The start took place at a few minutes past 3, and after a preliminary canter round the buildings, away they went, through Plumstead and over Bostal Heath to Bexley, Crayford and Dartford, Green Street Green, Hartley and Ash to the Horse and Groom, at the top of Wrotham Hill, where they had tea and a wash. At five minutes past 7 the bugle sounded for the return journey home. The captain saw all the men mounted, and away they flew on their silent steeds, through Kingsdown, Farningham, Sutton at Hone, Dartford and Wickham to Plumstead again, where they arrived at 15 minutes past 9, the journey homeward occupying 2 hours 10 minutes, it being the fastest run the club has ever had. The squadron consisted exclusively of good riders, and they did credit to the oldest club in Kent."

[The Invicta Bicycle Club is described as "old established". The earliest reference I can find is 1875.]

1879, August 9: British Farmers and their Burdens Kent Times
"We are desired to publish the following letter received by Mr A Bath of Halsted, in reference to the letters published in the Kent and Sussex Times of August 2nd.

South Darenth, August 5th, 1879.

Dear Sir - It gave me much pleasure this day to read a copy of your straightforward, and I may add, truthful letter, respecting the burdens on the lands in this country. I was at one time engaged in trying to grow wheat at 40 shillings per quarter, but what was the result? A clergyman of the established church put an execution in my widowed mother's house for a half year's tithe, and when spoken to about it, boldly asserted that it was his divine rights, and he would have it. Consequently my home was broken up, and myself and brothers were scattered in all directions, after being deprived of all we had. We were then told to go and work as other labourers did, after spending our capital and all our youthful labour in trying to pay everyone 20 shillings in the pound. If that is the way our Christian Shepherds treat their flocks, the sooner we separate church and state the better. Give them the same opportunities as other religious denominations, let it be as you suggested, on the voluntary principle, the same as in Australia, America, and many other places. Look at the chapels, cathedrals and churches in Melbourne, Australia. There are some of the finest buildings in the world, and no compulsory payments to support them. Being a resident in that country, I an speak from experience. Let us set to work and have the same laws here in that respect. Why should be abide by laws made by our forefathers six or seven hundred years ago? Let us make laws to suit our own time and purpose. What should the tithe law be made the exception? It is a tax on capital and industry. Away with it; we shall then have good men and true to teach us what to do. I have also seen in addition to your letter, a copy of one from a W Shaw of Brighton, plainly showing what they would do if they had the power. Such a manifestation of hypocrisy I never before heard of from a Christian teacher - excuse me, I misapplied the name - from one who loves the fleece and not the flock. Deprive them of the authority; they are not worthy of it. Give the Kentish farmer an opportunity of getting an interest on his capital invested, is the desire of

Yours truly, E Cooper, late of White House Farm, Fawkham near Dartford."

[In the 1861 census he was living at White House Farm along with his brothers and mother Amelia]

1879, September 13: Hop Harvest Dartford Chronicle
Apart from Southfleet, there can be said to be "scarsely any hops worth picking" in the area. Hop pickers disembarking at Gravesend station seeking work

1879, September 20: Sale of Stock at Fawkham Dartford Chronicle
Advert for sale of stock at Pennis farm

1879, October 18: Sale of Stock at Hartley Court Dartford Chronicle
"Mr W Day jun has received instructions from Mr Hudson, who is leaving, to sell by auction on the premises on Wednesday October 29th, 1879, the alive and dead farming stock, including 7 powerful cart horses, milch cow, fowls and geese, six store pigs, 2 narrow wheel wagons, 2 togs, 4 dung carts, new combined reaping and mowing machine, chaff engine, with horse power, 5 share drill, 3 pair york harrows, 2 Kent ploughs, 2 horse land presser, 3 horse iron land roll, 6 new sheep troughs, 2 chaff engines, 2 cutting boxes, sheep gates, pig troughs, tools, root pulpers, new cleaning machine, 2 sets 4-horse harness, complete, quoiler and plough harness, a portion of the household furniture and other effects. To be viewed on day of sale. Sale to commence at 3 o'clock to the minute Catalogues may be obtained at auctioneer's offices, 23 High Street, Maidstone

[Mr Hudson had only been the tenant of the farm since 1878, in succession to Captain Lawrie. He died at Hollingbourne the following year, aged 36 - Whitstable Times 18.9.1880]

1879, October 25: Assault at Longfield Dartford Chronicle
Thomas Spicer fined 5s for assualting William Longhurst at Longfield

1879, November 15: Sale of Hay at Old Downs Dartford Chronicle
"The Old Downs, Hartley - Mr William Hodsoll is instructed by Col Hartleyto sell by auction at the Railway Tavern, Fawkham Station on Friday November 21st 1879 at 1 for 2pm. Almost 40 loads of capital upland grass hay in 3 stacks, exceedingly well got standing at the above place. May be viewed on application to Jessup, the gardener at Old Downs of whom catalogues may be had....

[Before the house was built]

1879, November 15: Longfield Tip - Vestry Dinner South London Press
"The 4th annual dinner of the Depot Committee of the Newington Vestry to the farmers and brickmakers who are their customers took place at the New Falcon Tavern, Gravesend, on the 7th inst, when Mr Charles Hart, the chairman of the Depot Committee, occupied the chair, and Mr William Malthouse, the vice chair There were also present: Messrs C Vinson, St Paul's Cray; Reed, Newington; S Ballard, Ash near Sevenoaks; J Clinch, Green Street Green; J Allen, Honchill Green; J Allen jun, Honchill Green; F Goodyear, Eynsford; Pascall, St Paul's Cray; Quaife, Gravesend; A C Hedgcock, Meopham; H Jackson, Swanley; T Wood, Upper Ruxley; T Wood jun, Upper Ruxley; J Ashdown, Meopham; R French, Southfleet; G Featherby, New Brompton; W Richardson, Teynham; B Miles, Swanley; W A Conford, Green Street Green; Hammond, Hunton; G French, Meopham; J Hartridge, New Brompton; Bennett, Eynsford; and Colonel G P Evelyn, Hartley Manor. The following members of the Depot Committee were also present: Messrs J C Emmett, J B Harris, R Higs, Malthouse, Newsham, Parker, Poulton, Renton, Stokes, Dr Waring, Churchwardens Chester and Ditch, and the auditors Messrs Williams (vice-chairman of St Saviour's Union), Sexton and Vince. 56 sat down to a bountiful spread.

The chairman gave the usual loyal and patriotic toasts, that of "The Army, Navy and Reserve Forces" being suitably replied to by Colonel Evelyn.

(The South Eastern Gazette adds his speech: "he had seen a good deal of fighting in his youthful days, and he did not know that he should object to see a little more. There was, however, a bill to pay as a result of war, and a considerable portion of it fell on that unfortunate class of individuals, the owners and occupiers of land, so that if war were not necessary they had better ot engage in it [applause]. As to their present complications with Russia and Turkey, he could not help thinking it would be better if they were clar of the whole business.")

The chairman then rose to propose the toast of the evening He called upon the men of Newington to drink to the prosperity of their friends and customers. He was pleased to see so many farmers present on that occasion, but still he should have liked to have had the gratification of presiding over a greater number. (Hear, hear and applause). Nevertheless, he hoped they would return home satisfied, and increase, if possible, the number of customers for the refuse at the disposal of the Depot Committee (Hear, hear). The past season, from first to last, had been bad for the farmers, and he hoped it would be the worst they would see for many years to come, for Byron had said when things were at the worst they sometimes mended. All he could say was that if their friends wanted treble the amount of manure, they could not do better than deal with the Newington Vestry (hear, hear). He was at the West Kent agricultural meeting the previous week, when gentlemen were expected who did not attend. He referred more particularly to Sir W Hart-Dyke and Sir Charles Mills, and he thought it would have been better if they had made an effort to be present (hear, hear). It was exceedingly gratifying to find that some of what was formerly the worst land in Kent had taken prizes through patronising the depot of Newington and Mr Goodyear of Eynsford was the recipient of the first prize at the show. Their excellent vestry clerk had reminded him that he must not forget the brickmakers, who dealt largely with them. He should feel that he had grossly neglected his duty as chairman if he allowed himself to be so unmindful. They were good customers, and he trusted they would continue to be so. He believed their motto would be 'nil desperandum', and he hoped as next year woudl be an exceptional one, being 5 Sundays in February, that their crops would be unusually heavy (hear, hear). He therefore begged to propose 'Health and prosperity to the farmers and brickmakers, the friends and customers of Newington Vestry.' coupled with the names of Mr Richardson, Mr Reed, Mr Allen, Mr Vincent and Mr Goodyear (cheers).

Mr Richardson responded for the brickmakers, observing that he liked to do business with Newington, as he had alsways found matters satisfactory.

Mr Reed, as a young farmer, had had about 1,000 tons of the 'Newington Mixture', and it appeared to him to be worth more now than formerly (hear, hear).

Mr Allen thought such gatherings cemented friendships and increased business, and he felt there was honour conferred upon them by the presence of Colonel Evelyn (cheers). He considered that they had done good service to the district, for John Wood and himself were the first to take away from Newington that which was a burden to them. However, he would remind the vestry of the wisdom of not puttinig up the price too high (hear and laughter).

Mr Goodyear then followed, remarking that when he had a good order, as a commercial man he invariably invited his customers to dinner. (hear, hear and laughter). It was true he had received a first class prize for growing swedes through using the Newington Mixture, which he had a belief in. After all, he considered the fact of his winning the prize a very good advertisement for the Newing Depot Committee (hear, hear).

Mr Visnon was the next to respond and in doing so said he felt indebted to the Newington Vestry for the facilities they had offered the farmers, and which had enabled them to grow heavier crops (hear, hear).

Mr W Malthouse (vice chairman), proposed 'The Health of the Chairman of the Depot Committee, Mr Charles Hart' (cheers). That gentleman was indefatigable in carrying out the duties of his office, and he hoped he would long continue to do so (hear and cheers).

The chairman heartily thanked the vice-chairman for the kindly mention of his name, and also for the way in which it had been received by the company. He had been 10 years closely connected with the Newington Vestry, and he considered that he had been amply repaid that evening by the way in which his services - such as they were - had been appreciated (cheers). Mr Allen proposed 'The Auditors' coupled with the names of Mr Williams, Mr Goodall, and Mr Sexton (hear and applause).

Mr Williams, as one of the auditors of Newington Vestry, was quite prepared to assert that, so well were the accounts kept, that it was but one roudn of pleasure in being an auditor. The proceedings of that evening had been a source of pleasure to him, and especially so in listening to the remarks of Messrs Vincent, Richardson, Allen, Goodyear and Reed. He ahd no doubt but that the vetry of Newington would at all times be ready to business with the in a liberal spirit (hear and cheers). He was gratified at the fact of a first class prize having been won by Mr Goodyear. Indeed, there appeared to be no doubt - in fact, it had been admitted - that if gentelmen wished to grow large crops, they could not do better than use the 'mixture' (laughter and cheers). Mr Goodall, as auditor, also responded.

The chairman then 'The Health of the vice-chairman, Mr W Malthouse'. The vice-chairman, in response, observed that the interests of Newington were in a great measure bound up with the farmers of Kent, on behalf of whom he fanied he could again see the silver cloud of prosperity looming in the distance. He thanked the chairman for the compliment, as also the farmers of Kent for the cordial receiption of his name, and wished them every properity (hear and cheers).

Mr J Marsland proposed 'The Agricultural Interest' coupled with the name of Mr Hartridge, who replied, and proposed 'The Vestry Clerk' (hear, hear). Mr Dunham, in reply, stated although the prizes given by the Vestry for the best roots grown from land manured with the Newington Mixture had been this year handed over to the West Kent Agricultural Association for distributionn, he was in favour of such prizes being awarded at these annual meetings, as only a limited number of those taking 'the mixture' had an opportunity of competing. It must not be thought from this suggestion that he would advise the vestry to withdraw their connection with the West Kent Association. There were other ways in which the vestry might give their support to this association, and he ahd no doubt that the Deot Committee would help them to make their annual meetings in the future as successful as they had been in the past.

The company shortly after separated, one and all having expressed themselves well pleased with the proceedings of the meeting. The members of the committee left Gravesend by the 10.45 train for London.

[There is a slightly different account in the South Eastern Gazette of 15.11.1879. Newington Vestry had a depot in Hartley Bottom Road by the railway line where they sold manure from the streets of Walworth called "Newington Mixture", and also ashes from burning coal to the brickmakers. At this time they held annual dinners for their customers and members of the Depot Committee.

The dinners were very controverial in Newington. The 1877 dinner cost £50, and some members said the 1878 dinner at the Bull, Dartford was an unlawful item of expenditure because the Vestry hadn't approved it, although the council retrospectively approved it. It was hinted that the auditors were guilty of a conflict of interest because they attended the dinner too as they would do again in 1879.

Both local papers criticised the expenditure with the South London Chronicle saying (31.5.1879) "The fierce light which beats upon an election is a rare revealer of secrets. This week there has been a Vestry election in Newington, and more than one curious fact of the doings of the past yer has come to light. The members of the Depot Committee of the said Vestry especially have been exposed to this fiery trial. They are a gay festive lot, and do not believe in serving the public without a fair return in the shape of 'cakes and ale'. But really, gentlemen of the Depot Committee, £12 for champagne, and £7 for other wines, £3 for cigars and £5 9s for railway fares, all to set forth one dinner at Dartford, is a 'leetle' too stiff in these hard times. The Depot Committee has something to do with the parochial dust, if I mistake not. £19 worth of wine ought to wash a goodly amount of dust down Vestry throats. Evidently Dartford is the place to spend a happy day."

The report drew a letter from T Taylor of Walworth in the paper of 29.11.1879. He noted Mr Malthouse had previously been against the project, and had defeated Mr Taylor at the last election by criticising him for attending last year's dinner at The Bull, Dartford - an event he said he would have glady paid to stay away from!]

1879, December 27: Christmas at Dartford Bexleyheath Observer
"Mr Barton in High Street, showed 10 Aberdeens, a Hereford ox from Mr J T Smith (Hartley), a shorthorn, bred and fed by ditto, and also a calf and 10 sheep; 10 sheep from Mr Cox, St Albans; 15 ditto from Mr Wells, Metropolitan Market, and pigs. Mr Jones, Lowfield Street, exhibited prime Scots and down sheep; Mr Filmer had the second prize Devon in class 2 of the Smithfield Club Show, and 2 Norfolks. Mr G Penney showed a choice Scot bullock, purporting to be of the same breed and quality as the beast from which her Majesty's 'baron' had been cut. Mr Cosson, Lowfield Street, showed 2 bullocks from Essex, Scots from the London Market, and sheep fed by Mr G Upton, and home-fed pork; Mr Ticehurst a prime Scot and sheep from Farningham market; and Mr Roots and Mr A Cosson (Spital Street) provided according to requirements. Mr Grindey, Hythe Street, showed a fine beast, fed by F Friend esq, Footscray; a prize sheep from the Smithfield Club Show and other animals. Mr Manners, pork butcher and poulterer had a resisting piece suspended from his front premises in the form of a pig of his feeding, and weighing about 70 stone. Here was also to be seen a fine display of turkeys and geese from Normandy and Suffolk, the latter ranging in price from 8s to 14s. Mr Tyer and Mr Penney, provision merchants also had large supplies of the feathered adjuncts on sale At Mr Winch's grocery establishment (late Taylor & Co) the first prize (£30) Cheddar cheese at the Smithfield show was on view."

[As in the similar report in 1875, Mr Barton bought much of his meat from Mr J T Smith, the owner of Fairby.]

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